Ihe objects of the Handbook for Central Italy and Eome are
to supply the traveller with some information regarding the culture
and art of the people he is about to visit, to render him as in-
dependent as possible of the services of guides and valets-de-place,
to protect him against extortion, and in every way to aid him in
deriving enjoyment and instruction from his tour in one of the most
fascinating countries in the world. The Handbook will also, it is
hoped, save the traveller many a trial of temper; for probably
nowhere in Europe is the patience more severely taxed than in
some parts of Italy.
The flfteenth edition of Central Italy and Eome, like its pre-
decessors, has been carefully revised and brought up to date. The
Handbook is based on the Editor's personal acquaintance with
the places described, most of which he has repeatedly and care¬
fully explored. As, however, changes are constantly taking place,
he will highly appreciate any Communications with which trav-
ellers may favour him, if the result of their own observation. The
information already received from numerous correspondents, which
he gratefully acknowledges, has in many cases proved most service-
able. Hotel-bills, with annotations showing the traveller's opinion
as to his treatment and accommodation, are particularly useful.
The Maps and Plans, on which special care has been bestowed,
will abundantly suffice for the use of the ordinary traveller. They
have ali been carefully revised and brought up to date, while the
maps of Elba and the environs of Siena, Montepulciano, San
Gimignano, and Urbino, together with the plans of these towns,
appear in this edition for the first time. The large Pian of Rome
(scale 1:11,400), in the Appendix, is divided into three sections
with a view to obviate the necessity of unfolding a large sheet of
paper at every consultation, and its use will be further facilitated
by reference to the small clue-plan (scale 1:33,000).
Heights are given in the text in English feet, on the maps in
mètres (1 Engl. ft. = 0,3048 mètre; 1 mètre = 3,281 fi, or ca.
3 ft. 3x/3 in.). Distances are given in English miles (comp. p. ii).
Hotels (comp. p. xvii). Besides the modera palatial and ex-
pensive establishments, the Handbook also mentions a selection of
modest, old-fashioned inns, which not unfrequently afford good
accommodation at moderate charges. The asterisks indicate those
hotels which the Editor has reason to believe to be provided with
the comforts and conveniences expected in an up-to-date establish-