24. HOLLAND HOUSE.
Kensington House, a mansion of great magnificence recently finished
(1878). Its projector, who had intended it for his own residence,
was, however, obliged to yield it up to his creditors, who disposed
of it quite lately to Mr. Mackey, a millionaire mine-owner of
California. The mansion and its site are said to have cost more
At the AV. end of Kensington Gardens, on a hill lying between
UxbridgeRoad, the prolongation of Bayswater Road, on theN., and
Kensington Road on the S., stands Holland House (PL Ell),
built in the Tudor style by John Thorpe, for Sir Walter Cope , in
1607. The building soon passed into the hands of Henry Rich, Earl
of Holland, son-in-law of Sir Walter Cope, and afterwards, on
the indictment and execution of Lord Holland for treason, came
into the possession of Fairfax and Lambert, the Parliamentary
generals. In 1665, however, it was restored to Lady Holland.
From 1716 to 1719 it was occupied by Addison, who had married
the widow of Edward, third Earl of Holland and Warwick. The
lady was a relative of Sir Hugh Myddelton (see p. 91). In 1762
it was sold by Lord Kensington, cousin of the last representative
of the Hollands, who had inherited the estates, to Henry Fox,
afterwards Baron Holland, and father of the celebrated Charles
James Fox. The house is now the property of Lady Holland,
widow of the fourth Lord Holland of the Fox line; but the reversion
is said to have been sold to Lord llchester, a descendant of a brother
of Henry Fox. The demesnes of Holland House have recently
been much curtailed by laying out sites for building.
Since the time of Charles I. , Holland House has frequently
been associated with eminent personages. Fairfax, Cromwell, and
Ireton held their deliberations in its chambers; William Penn, w ho
was in great favour with Charles II. , was daily assailed here by a
host of petitioners; and William III. and his consort Mary lived in
the house for a short period. During the first half of the 19th cent.
Holland House was the rallying point of AVhig political and literary
notabilities of all kinds, such as Moore, Rogers, and Macaulay, who
enjoyed here the hospitality of the distinguished third Baron
Holland. The house contains a good collection of paintings. The
traveller desirous of farther information may be referred to Princess
Lichtenstein's 'Holland House'.
25. Private Mansions around Hyde Park and
Grosvenor House. Lansdowne House. Apsley House. Bath House.
Devonshire House. Bridgewater House. Stafford House. Hertford
House. Dudley House.
The English aristocracy, many of the members of which are
enormously wealthy, resides in the country during the greater part