226 22. THE BRITISH MUSEUM.
39. Writing and painting materials. Cases 40-45. Domestic articles of
different sorts. Cases 46-51. Mummies, near which is the wooden sarco¬
phagus of King Mycerinus, builder of the third pyramid. Cases 52-56.
Mummies of animals. Cases 61, 62. Bricks, some of them stamped.
Cases 63, 64. Monumental tablets. On the floor are 12 glass cases con¬
taining an admirable "collection of mummies with their sarcophagi,
the finest being Nos. "69, "70, and 72. In the centre of the room are
three cases with large wooden coffins of the Roman period, in the upper
part of which are placed personal ornaments, amulets, and scaraba-i.
Second Egyptian Room (PL 21). On the left: Wall-cases 1-3. Mem¬
orial tablets ot painted wood; small models of sarcophagi and mum¬
mies; cases for the figures dedicated to the dead. Cases 4-11. A large
collection of these figures, composed of wood, alabaster, stone, or glass,
and usually bearing a religious motto, and the name and rank of the de¬
ceased. Cases 12, 13. Urns for the reception of entrails (particularly four in
each cabinet with various heads). Cases 14-19. Richly ornamented wooden
sarcophagi. Cases 20-23. Urns, similar to those above mentioned. Cases
24-3U. Wooden images of gods, hollowed out to receive rolls of papyrus.
Cases 31, 32. Cones from a tomb, with stamps; pitcher in alabaster, lamps,
vases, etc. The Floor-cases on this side of the room contain : A. Articles
of porcelain and glass, chiefly found with mummies; inscriptions on
stone, porcelain, and wood. B. External cerements of mummies; in¬
scribed fragments, terracotta figures, and ornaments of the Greek and
Roman periods. C. Inscriptions, bead-work, Gnostic amulets, and other
objects of the Christian period. D. Tiles from Tell el-Yehudiyeh, or Onias.
E. Specimens of Egyptian glass. In the detached cases 101, 102. arc mod¬
els of boats, coffins, and tablets.
The other half of this room contains a collection of clay, earthenware,
and glass objects, including those presented by Messrs. Slade, Temple, and
Witt. To the right: Cases 33-31. Black and red clay vessels of the
earliest Etruscan period; 35-39. Similar vessels of a later date. Cases 40-51.
Slade Collection : 40, 41. Enamelled Venetian glass; 42, 43. German and
Dutch glass; 44-51. Venetian glass (44, 45. woven glass). Cases 52-61.
Temple Collection: 52, 53. Ancient and Arabian glass; 54, 55. Glass and
crystal of Greek and Roman workmanship. Cases 02-04. Witt Collec¬
tion: 63, 63. Utensils and appurtenances of a Roman bath (many of them
found in a tonib at Crefeld); 04. Glazed Roman pottery. The Table-cases
contain Roman red ware and Etruscan pottery. — We now enter the —
First and Second Vase Rooms (PL 22, 23). A detailed account of the
collection of vases would exceed the limits of the present work; visitors
will find the admirable new 'Guides' (2d. each) exceedingly useful.
The contents of the First Vase Room mainly consist of vases of Greek
workmanship, found in Greece, the Grecian Islands, Lower Italy, and else¬
where. Their ground colour is usually red, and they are adorned with
fdack ornamentation and figures. The coilection is arranged in chrono¬
logical order , commencing with the N. and E. sides of the room. The
best examples are in the detached cases. The Second Vase Room contains
vases of the later Greek and Roman periods, in which the gradual declen¬
sion of art is observable; also Greek and Roman "terracottas, mural paint¬
ings, and other objects. The terracottas represent domestic scenes and
figures, and illustrate the private life of the ancients.
*Bronze Boom (PL 24), containing Greek , Etruscan, and Ro¬
man bronzes arranged in chronological order. (The series begins to
the left of the opposite door.)
Cabinets 1-4. Bronzes of the archaic period; including a draped male
figure found at Prato, a Marsyas from Pistoja, and Apollo with a roe¬
buck. Cabinet 3. Aphrodite, the base of a candelabrum. Cabinets 5-11. Bron¬
zes, large terracotta vases, and other objects, found at Vulci , including
some porcelain vases enriched with hieroglyphics. Cabinets 12-19. Etruscan
candeiabra and weapons. Cabinets 20-23. Etruscan tripods ; Greek and Etrus¬
can pitchers, vases, and vase-handles. Cabinets 24-30. Greek and Etrus-
can vases, engraved cists, mirror-holder. Cabinets 31-53. Rich collection