22. THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 223
black marble obelisk, adorned with five rows of reliefs; the inscriptions,
in cuneiform characters, relate events from the history of Shalmaneser.
Nimroud Gallery (PL 20). On the left, colossal bas-reliefs; 18.
Winged figure with ibex and ear of corn; 19. Foreigners bringing apes
as tribute; 20. King Assur-Izir-Pal in a richly embroidered dress, with
sword and sceptre ; "23-26. The king on his throne surrounded by atten¬
dants and winged figures with mystic offerings; 28-29. Winged figure
with a thunderbolt, chasing a demon; 36. Lion hunt; 31-41. Represent¬
ation of religious service; then various martial and hunting scenes
The slabs with the larger reliefs bear inscriptions running horizontally
across their centres. The glass cases in the middle of the room contain
bronze dishes with engraved and chased decorations, admirably executed.
other bronze articles of different kinds, weights in the form of lions
couchant, weapons, domestic utensils, etc. The second case (No. 45) is
occupied by a collection of "ivory carvings, with Egyptian figures. —
The door in the N.W. corner of this room leads into the —
Assyrian Side Room (PL 21), which, along with the Basement
Room (see below), contains the Assyrian antiquities collected at
Nimroud by Messrs. Rassam and Loftus in 1853-55, and also some
In the centre is the stele or monolith of King Samsivul, with a figure
in relief. To the right and left are two pieces of basalt with reliefs.
The glass cases 1-4 (on the left) contain bronze helmets. Cases 5 and 6
are filled with glass and terracotta vessels, and Babylonian inscriptions.
In cases 7-12 are alabaster and clay vessels, cylindrical writing rolls, etc.;
13-15. articles of bronze and clay, among which may be noticed a shield,
a kettle, and enamelled bricks; 16-19. three blue, glazed, earthen coffins,
with figures in bas-relief; glazed vessels of various kinds. — We now
descend the stairs (PL 22) to the —
Assyrian Basement Boom (PL 23), the reliefs in which, he-
longing to the latest period of Assyrian art, are throughout su¬
perior to those in the upper rooms, both in design and execution.
(The numbers begin in the central part of the room.)
Nos. 1-8. Scenes of war; Bringing home the heads and spoil of con¬
quered enemies; Warriors preparing their repast. Nos. 33-53. Lion hunt;
54-62. Plundering of a city; 63-74. lieturn from the hunt (sequel to Nos.
33-53); 83-90. Wars of Sardanapalus; 91-94. Hostile army fleeing past an
Assyrian fortress; 95. Beheading of the King of Susiana; 104-119. Three
rows of scenes of gazelle, wild ass, and lion hunting, admirably execut¬
ed; 120. Captives at their repast; 121. Sardanapalus and his wife ban¬
queting in an arbour; 122. Lion hunt. In the middle are three glass
cases containing smaller objects. Near them is a piece of pavement from
the palace of Sardanapalus.
The Nimroud Gallery is adjoined on the S. by the Assyrian
Transept (PL 24) , which in its western half is a continuation of
the Nimroud Gallery (containing monuments from the time of Assur-
Izir-Pal) , while the eastern part contains antiquities from Khorsa-
bad (about B.C. 720), from the excavations of Alessrs. Rawlinson
In the middle of the W. side is the tomb of Assur-Izir-Pal, with a
portrait in relief. In front of it is an altar, which stood at the door of
the Temple of the God of AVar. At the sides are two "colossal winged
lions, with human heads and three horns, from the sides of a doorway.
At the sides of the entranoe from the Nimroud Gallery are two torsos
with inscriptions. On the wall are reliefs and inscriptions from the pal¬
ace of the Persian kings at Persepolis (B.C. 500). The glass case con¬
tains a collection of archaic sculptures, heads, statues, and inscription's
from Idalium (Dali), Cyprus, excavated in 1870. — In the E. or KhorPj-