22. THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 221
ox to the sacrifice. Then, at the sides of the door leading into the Hellenic
Room, four genuine "Marble Fragments from the upper frieze of the same
temple, representing Athenian warriors fighting with Persians and other
enemies in Greek costume.
The Elgin Room also contains a great number of sculptural
and architectural fragments, and plaster casts of objects of Attic
art, which possess little interest for the ordinary visitor.
At the N. end of the E. side of the room is one of the beautiful
*Canephorse, from the Erechtheum; near it an Ionic column from
the same building, and a colossal owl.
The hall adjoining the Elgin Room on the N., and recently
opened, contains remains of the famous Temple of Diana at
Ephesus, the fruits of the recent English excavations; fragments
of columns, cornices, capitals, and bases; lowest drum of a
sculptured column with life-size reliefs of Hermes, Victoria, and a
warrior; a colossal lion from an eminence at Cnidus, originally
surmounting a pyramidal Doric monument, which was perhaps
erected in commemoration of the naval victory of Conon, the
Athenian, over the Spartans in B. C. 394. Behind stands a model
of the Acropolis at Athens.
AVe now pass through the door in the centre of the E. side, and
enter the —
Hellenic Boom (PL 17), which contains marble sculptures from
every part of Greece and the Grecian colonies except Athens and
Attic settlements, and also plaster casts.
The bust to the right of the door is JSschines , that on the left an
unknown philosopher. On the pedestals at the sides are four Etruscan
cinerary urns from Chiusi (two on each side), with reliefs of huntsmen,
flute-players, etc.; archaic female torso (right); Diadumenos, replica of the
celebrated work of Polycletus (left); two other athletes (left); two figures
of Apollo (right), one from the Choiseul-Gouffier collection. To the right
of the E. door: herme of Mercury of an early date; Triton, a mutilated
alto-relievo figure, from Delos; adjacent, Mercury in an early style;
heads of Bacchus; on the left, herme of Pericles. Round the room runs
the "Frieze of the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassse , near Phigalia,
representing the battle of the Centaurs and Lapithte and the battle of
the Greeks and Amazons (B. C. 430).
Above the frieze, on the wall, are plaster casts from the pediments of
the Temple of Athena at /Egina, the originals of which are at Munich.
The group from the western pediment (on the N. wall, to the left) depicts
the contest of the Greeks and Trojans over the body of Patroclus;
the group from the eastern pediment (to the right), a scene from the
campaign of the i-Eginetes against Troy. On the W. wall are four plaster
casts of reliefs on the me'topee of the central Temple of Selinus in
Sicily, dating from B.C. 550. Lower down, round the walls, are ranged
sculptural and architectural remains, among which may be noticed the
fragment of a recumbent satyr at the entrance door, and the "head of a
youth with a fillet.
We next reach the Assyrian and Egyptian collections, which,
next to the Elgin Room, are the most important parts of the British
Museum. The *Assyrian Gallery consists of three long narrow
rooms, called the Kouyunjik Gallery (PL 18), the Nimroud Central
Saloon (Pi. 19), and the Nimroud Gallery (PL 20) ; of the Assyrian
Transept (PL 24), adjoining the last of these three; and of the