164 16. UNITED SERVICE MUSEUM.
and lower central windows of the Banqueting Hall (Chapel Royal),
Charles I. was led out to the scaffold erected for his execution in
the street close by. A little later the Protector Oliver Cromwell
took up his residence here with his secretary. John Milton, and.
here he died on 3rd Sept., 1658. Here Charles II., restored, held
a profligate court, one of the darkest blots on the fame of England.
and here he died in 1685. After the destruction of Whitehall
Palace by fire in 1697, St. James's Palace became the royal
In AVhitehall Yard, a little to the N., stands the United Service
Museum (PL KlO), founded in 1830, containing an interesting
collection of objectri connected with the military and naval pro¬
fessions, and a library. The institution numbers 4000 members,
each of whom pays an entrance fee of 1/. and a yearly subscription
of 10s. Admission, by order from a member, daily, except Sundays
and Fridays, 11-5 in summer, 11-4 in winter. Soldiers, sailors,
and policemen in uniform are admitted without orders. — The
Auditorium, or Lecture Theatre, has seats for 500 persons.
The first rooms entered contain weapons and martial equipments from
America, Asia. Africa, the South Sea Islands, etc., many articles inter¬
esting from their use in particular engagements, and some memorials of
Captain Cook. In glass-cases, near the window in the second room, are
the swords of Cromwell and General Wolfe, and a dirk which belonged
to Xelson. — Models of different kinds of vessels are exhibited in the
next room, including an ingenious little model of a ship, executed by a
French prisoner-of-war, hung up (under glass) on one of the pillars. — A
case in the room farthest from the entrance contains Sir Francis Drake's
walking-stick. — To the right is a room containing relics of Franklin's ex¬
pedition to the N. pole, and others of the Royal George, sunk at Spithead
in 17S2. — In the centre of the adjoining room, under glass, is a large model
of the sea-fight of Trafalgar; while various relics of Nelson are shown in
cases round the room. — In a room immediately to the right of the entrance
are models of ordnance and specimens of shot and shells, while an
apartment beyond this contains a. collection of model steam-engines.
The principal room of the First Floor contains military models of
various kinds: siege-operations with trenches, lines, batteries, approaches,
and walls in which a breach has been effected; fortifications, pioneer
instruments, etc. The other rooms contain uniforms and equipments of
soldiers of different countries , fire-arms and portions of fire-arms at dif¬
ferent stages of their manufacture, and (in cases) various objects of
personal interest, such as the pistols of Sir Ralph Abercronihy and Bolivar.
The Second Floor contains a large "Model of the battle of Waterloo,
by Captain Siborne, in which 190,000 figures are represented, giving one
an admirable idea of the disposition and movements of the forces on
the eventful day; relics of Xapoleon and Wellington; the skeleton of
Napoleon's charger, Marengn; Hamilton's model of Sebastopol, showing
the position of the troops; the stuffed figure of Bob, the dog of the Scotch
Fusilier Guards; trophies from the Crimean war and from the last cam¬
paign in China.
AVhitehall and the neighbourhood now contain various public,
offices. Near Charing Cross, to the left, in Great Scotland Yard, is
the headquarters of the Aletropolitan Police; it contains in one
section the 'Black Aluseum', a motley collection of objects con¬
nected with crime and criminals. Scotland Yard is said to have
belonged to the kings of Scotland (whence its name) from the reign