Must no more call it York-place, that is past;
For, since the cardinal fell, that title's lost;
'Tis now the king's, and call'd — Whitehall'.
Hen. VIII. iv. 6.
The palace was greatly enlarged and beautified by its new
owner, Henry VIII., and with its precincts became of such extent
as to reach from Scotland Yard to near Bridge Street, and from the
Thames far into St. James's Park, passing over what was then the
narrow street of AVhitehall, which it spanned by means of a beau¬
tiful gateway designed by Holbein.
The banqueting hall of old York House, built in the I'udor
style, having been burned down in 1615, James I. conceived the idea
of erecting on its site a magnificent royal residence, designed by
Inigo Jones. The building was begun, but, at the time of the
breaking out of the Civil War, the Banqueting Hall only had been
completed. In 1691 part, of the old palace was burned to the ground,
and the remainder in 1697 ; so that nothing remained of Whitehall,
except the new hall, which is still standing (on the E. side of
Whitehall). This tine hall, one of the most splendid specimens of
the Palladian style of architecture, is ill ft. long, 55]/.2 ft. wide,
and 55'/2ft. high- The ceiling is embellished with pictures by
Rubens, on canvas, painted abroad, at a cost of 3000/., and sent
to England. They are in nine sections, and represent the Apo¬
theosis of James I. in the centre, with allegorical representations
of peace, plenty, etc., and scenes from the life of Charles I., the
artist's patron. A'an Dyck was to have executed for the sides a
series of mural paintings, representing the history and ceremonies
of the Order of the Garter, but the scheme was never carried out.
George I. converted the banqueting-house into a Royal Chapel, and
as such it is still used. In the lobby may be seen a large sheet
showing the design by Inigo Jones of the entire palace as pro¬
jected. On Maundy Thursday the Queen's 'eleemosynary bounty'
is distributed here according to ancient custom. The public are
admitted on application to the keeper. In Whitehall Gardens, at
the back of Whitehall, stands a bronze statue of James II., by
Grinling Gibbons, erected in 1686.
The reminiscences of the tragic episodes of English history
transacted at Whitehall are much more interesting than the place
itself. It was here that Cardinal AVolsey, the haughty, splendour-
loving Archbishop of York, gave his costly entertainments, and
here he was disgraced. Here, too, Henry VIII. became enamoured
of the unhappy Anne Boleyn, at a ball given in honour of the fickle
and voluptuous monarch; and here he died in 1547. Holbein, the
famous painter, occupied rooms in the palace at that period. It
was from AVhitehall that Elizabeth was carried as a prisoner to the
Tower, and to AVhitehall she returned in triumph as Queen of
England. From an opening made in the wall between the upper