thcon, Oxford Street, besides other offices (with a very extensive
trade in low-priced wines; Claret from Is. per bottle, Hock and
Moselle from Is. Gd.); Fortnum ft Mason, 181-183 Piccadilly.
Most of the best-known continental wine-firms have agencies in
London, the addresses of which may be ascertained from the Post
Office Directory. Claret and other wines may also be obtained from
most of the grocers.
Bazaars. These emporiums afford pleasant covered walks
between rows of shops abundantly stocked with all kinds of attrac¬
tive and useful articles. The most important are the Soho Bazaar,
4-7 Soho Square ; London Crystal Palace Bazaar, 108 Oxford Street ;
Baker Street Bazaar, Baker Street: Opera Colonnade, adjoining Her
Majesty's Theatre, Haymarket; Burlington Arcade, Piccadilly;
Lowther Arcade, Strand (chiefly for toys and other articles at moder¬
ate prices). — Among these the Soho Bazaar is facile princeps. It
has been in existence for half a century, and is conducted on very
strict principles. A rental of twelve shillings per week is paid for
each stall; some holders rent and occupy three or four contiguous
Markets. The immense market traffic, of London is among the,
most interesting andimpressive sights of the Metropolis, and one with
which no stranger should fail to make himself acquainted. The chief
markets are held at early hours of the morning, when they are visited
by vast crowds hastening to supply their commissariat for the day.
The chief Vegetable, Fruit, and Flotrer Market is Covent Garden
(p. 161), where all kinds of vegetables, fruits, ornamental plants,
and cut flowers are displayed in richest profusion. The best time
to visit this market is 4-5 a. m.
Billingsgate (p. 100), the great fish-market, as interesting in its
way as Covent Garden, though pervaded by far less pleasant odours,
is situated in Lower Thames Street, City, near London Bridge. The
covered market is a handsome building lately erected, with an open
front towards the street and a facade on the, river. Along the quay
lie fishing boats, whence the fish are landed in baskets, and sold first
to the wholesale, and afterwards to the retail dealers. Oysters and
other shell-fish are sold by measure, salmon by weight, and other fish
by number. Large quantities offish are also conveyed to Billingsgate
daily by railway; salmon chiefly from Scotland, cod and turbot
from the Doggerbank, lobsters from Norway, soles from the German
Ocean, eels from Holland, and oysters from the mouth of the Thames
and the English Channel. The market commences daily at 5 a. m.
Smithfield Market, Newgate Street, City, is the great meat-mar¬
ket of London. The new covered, market, opened in 1868, is most
admirably fitted up (comp. p. 88). Subterranean lines connect it,
with the Metropolitan Railway, and thence indirectly with the Me¬
tropolitan Cattle Market. It was once the chief cattle market of Lon¬
don, and the famous Bartholomew Fair was held here down to 1853.