558 Route 12. ABERDEEN.
of Aberdeen. — Looking to the N. from the Union Bridge in Union
St., we have a view of a number of fine new buildings : on the left,
in Union Terrace (PI. A, 5; where there is a statue of Robert Burns),
the Parish Council Buildings and the School Board Offices; in front,
in School Hill, the Free South Church (PI. 2) and the Free Library
(PI. 1), before which is a Statue of William Wallace; and to the
right tbe East and West Free Churches (p. 557) and the Trades Hall
(PI. 5 ; A, 5). — In School Hill, farther to the N., are Gordon College
(founded in 1750; 600 boys) and the Art Gallery (PI. A, 5). The
nucleus of the contents of the latter is the collection of modern
paintings formed by the late Mr. Alex. Macdonald, son of the
founder of the granite industry (see p. 557), including a unique
series of portraits of eminent modern artists, mostly painted by
themselves. In front of Gordon College is a Statue of General Gordon.
The chief objects of interest are, however, in Old Aberdeen (tram¬
way from Union St.), the seat of a bishopric founded in the 12th
cent., which lies 1 M. to the N., near the mouth of the Don. The
Cathedral of St. Machar (PI. A, 1), dating from 1366-1522, is said
to be the only granite cathedral in Christendom. It consists of the
nave only of the original edifice, and is still in use as a parish-
church. About 73 M. to the S. of the cathedral is *King's College
(PI. A, 2), the other member of Aberdeen University (comp. p.557),
founded in 1494. The only remaining part of the old buildings is
the Chapel, surmounted by a fine lantern - tower and containing
some beautiful wood-carving (adm. 10-1 and 2-4; 3d.). — About
72 M. from Old Aberdeen is the picturesque Brig o' Balgownie, or
Old Bridge of Don, erected in 1320.
From Aberdeen to Peterhead, 44 M., railway in l3/i-2 hrs. (fares 7*.
id., 3s. 8d.); to Fraserburgh, 471/2 M. in l'/4-2i/4 hrs. (7s. lid., 3s. liy2d.). —
At (6 M.) Dyce Junction (p. 547) we diverge to the right from the Inverness
line. — A motor-omnibus plies twice daily from (141/2 M.) Udny to Methlick
(I1/3 hr.; fare Is. 6d.). — From (I91/2 M.) Ellon a picturesque branch-line
runs to (10 M.) Cruden Bay ('Cruden Bay Hotel, R. 4s., D. 4s. 6d.), with a
fine golf-course, and (I51/2 M.) Boddam (Sea View), a summer-resort, 3 M.
to the S. of Peterhead (omn. 3d.). Between Cruden Bay and Boddam is
the rocky cauldron known as the Sutlers of Buchan. — At (31 if.) Maud
Junction the lines to Peterhead and to Fraserburgh separate. Omnibus
several times daily to New Deer, going on once daily to Turriff (p. 547). —
44 M. Peterhead (Royal; North Eastern), a town with 11,760 inhab., is
an important port for the herring-fishery and possesses quarries of red
granite. It was the birthplace of Marshal Keith (A. 1758), of whom a
statue, presented by King William I. of Prussia in 1868, stands in front
of the town-hall. — 471/2 M. Fraserburgh (Saltoun; Royal; Station) is a
still more important fishing-station (9600 inhab.), with a large harbour.
A light railway goes on hence to (51/4 M.) St. Combs.
From Aberdeen to Inverness, see p. 547.
73. From Edinburgh to Inverness.
166 or 186 M. Railway in 5V4-73/4 hrs. (fares 27s. 8d., 13s. 8i/2d.). To Perth
by tbe Caledonian (lV4-2'/4 hrs.) or by tbe North British Railway (l'A-
2 hrs.; fares by either 8s., 3s. lOVid.); thence to Inverness by the High¬
land Railway. — The Caledonian route to (68 M.) Perth has been given