72. Route. t)b'6
hill in the midst of a finely-wooded district, is a good centre for excursions.
In the neighbourhood are several well-preserved old castles : Drummond
Castle (3 M. to the S.), the seat of the Earl of Ancaster; Ochtertyre, 21/2 M.
to the N.W.; Monzie (pron. Monee), 3 M. to the N., etc. From Crieff a
line runs via Almond Bank (for Methven) to (18 M.) Perth (see below). —
15 M. Comrie (Royal; Ancaster Arms), with about 12X) inhab., is noted
for slight earthquakes. To the N. opens Glen Lednock, with the Devil's
Cauldron, whence a path ascends to the Melville Monument on Dunmore
Hill (view). — From Comrie onwards the railway runs parallel with the
road, traversing a well wooded country, and crossing tbe Earn four times
before reaching (201/2 il.) St. Fillans ('Hotel), a lovely little village at the
E. end of Loch Earn. We now skirt the N. bank of the loch for its entire
length, with a view of Ben Voirlich (3224 ft.) on the opposite side. —
27'/2 M. Locheurnhead (Hotel). — 29i/2 M. Balquhidder (p. 543). A road runs
along the S. side of Loch Earn also.
68 M. Perth. — Hotels. 'Station Hotel, R. 4s., B. 3s., D. 5s. ; Royal
George, on the Tay, 3/4 M. from the station; Royal British, R. 4s., D. 3s.
6d., Qeeen's, R. 2s. 6d., D. 4s., both near the station; Salutation, South
St., R. 3s. 6d. D. 4s.; Grand Temperance, Macmaster's, St. John's, three
temperance hotels. — Rail. Refreshmt. Rooms.
Tramways traverse the chief streets and run to Scone, Craigie, Cherry-
Perth, picturesquely situated on the Tay, with (1901) 32,872
inhab., is an ancient town, claiming to be of Roman origin, and long
the capital of the Scottish kings (comp. p. 516). Few traces of its
antiquity are, however, left, for the 'rascal multitude' (as Knox called
the Perth mob at the Reformation) and the municipal authorities
then and later made a clean sweep of all the old religious houses.
The principal church is St. John's, mainly of the Dec. period, with
an earlier tower; in front of the high-altar Edward HI. of England
is said to have stabbed his brother, the Duke of Cornwall, in 1336.
John Knox often preached here (ca. 1559). The County Buildings,
in Tay Street, near a new iron bridge, occupy the site of the house
in which the Gowrie Conspiracy against James VI. was formed
(1600). In the same street is a Museum (daily 10-4, free), with good
natural history collections, and at the N. end of the street is Perth
Bridge, built by Smeaton in 1771, from which there is a good view.
Adjoining the river are two open spaces of green sward, known as
the North and South Inch (i.e. island). The former was the scene of
the judicial combat between the Clan Chattan and the Clan Quhele,
described by Scott in the 'Fair Maid of Perth'. The 'Fair Maiden's
House' is shown in Curfew Row, near the North Inch. In this
neighbourhood also stood the Dominican Convent, where James I.
was assassinated in 1437, in spite of the heroic action of Catherine
Douglas, who made her arm do duty for the missing bar on the door
(see Rossetti's ballad, 'The King's Tragedy'.) On the South Inch
are the /Scott Monument and the General Prison for Scotland, orig¬
inally built in 1812 for French prisoners, and since enlarged.
Those who have time should climb "Kinnoul Hill (730 ft.), which lies
on the left bank of the Tay, and may be ascended from the railway-station
in 3/4 hr. The "View is charming. — Another good view is afforded by Mon-
erief Hill (725 ft.), 3'/2 M. to the S.E. — At (2i/2 M.) Scone (tramway) is
Scone Palace (no admission), a modern mansion on the site of the Augustine
abbey in which the early Scottish kings were crowned.