536 Route 68. ALLOA.
We now pass through the park-like Cemetery, with its handsome
Martyrs' Memorial, to the ancient Grey friars' Church (1494; adm.
2d.); fine view from the highest part of the churchyard (orient¬
ation-table). Adjacent is Cowane's Hospital or Guildhall, with a
small museum. — Among the interesting old houses of Stirling is
Argyle's Lodging, in Broad St. (E. side of the Castle Wynd), built
in the 16th cent., and now a military hospital.
Excursions from Stirling. About l'/2 M. to tbe S. of Stirling lies
the village of St. Ninian (tramway Id.), and V2 M. farther on is the field of
Bannockburn, where Robert Bruce defeated the army of Edward II., thrice
as large as the Scottish army, in 1314. The ''Bore Stone', on which the
Scottish standard was planted, i3 still pointed out (view). — At Sauchie-
burn, 3 M. to the S.W. of Bannockburn, James III. was defeated by his
'nsurgent nobles In 1488. Beaton's Mill, the house in which he was
assassinated after the battle, still exists.
Cambuskenneth Abbey (adm. to tower 2d.), on the left bank of the
Forth, a little below Stirling, was founded by David I. in 1147 and be¬
came the wealthiest Augustine monastery in Scotland. James III. and his
wife Margaret of Denmark are buried in the abbey. To reach it. we turn
to the right on leaving the station, descend the ri^ht bank for a/4 M., and
then cross by the ferry C/2d.).
Just above the new bridge the Forth is spanned by the interesting
Old Bridge, of the 15th cent., on which Archbp. Hamilton, the last Roman
Catholic prelate in Scotland, was hanged for participation in the murder
of the Regent Moray (1570). The famous battle of Stirling, in which Wal¬
lace defeated the English in 1297, took place a little farther up, near an
old wooden bridge, which has long since disappeared.
Tramway-cars ply every 20 min. from Stirling to (3 M.) Bridge-of-Al¬
lan (see p. 535; fare 3d.), passing, on the right, the 'Abbey Craig (362 ft.;
"View), which is surmounted by the Wallace Monument (adm. 2d.).
From Stirling to Kinross. 23 M., railway in l'/4 hr. (fares 3s. lid.,
Is. HV2d.). — 61/2 M. Alloa (Royal Oak), with 11,400 inhab., the county-
town of Clackmanansbire, is also on the direct line to Edinburgh via Dun¬
fermline (p. 559) and the Forth Bridge. — 12'/2 M. Dollar (180 ft.; Castle
Campbell Hotel), a small town with a good public school (5-600 pupils),
near which is the finely situated 'Castle Campbell (adm. 6d.; view). From
the castle we may ascend Ben Cleuch (2363 ft.; IV2 hr.), the highest of the
Ochils (view). — I6V2 M. Rumbling Bridge (hotel), station for the 'Rumbling
Bridge, crossing the romantic gorge of the Devon (adm. to walks 6d.). Near
the bridge is the Devil's Mill Fall, and 1 M. lower down is the "Cauldron
Linn. — 23 M. Kinross (Green Hotel; Kirkland's), a small town on Loch
Leven, a lake 4 M. long and 2 M. wide, famed for its trout (boat, with
boatman, 2s. 6d. per hr.). On an island in the loch is an old castle in which
Queen Mary was imprisoned in 1567, making her escape in 1568 (comp.
Scott's 'Abbot'). From Kinross to Edinburgh (i-l»/» hr.), see pp. 551, 550.
From Stirling to Aberfoyle , 21'/2 M., railway in 3/i-lV3 hr. (fares
3s. Id., Is. 6]/2d). — The line diverges to the left from the main line to
Callander and rnns along the S. side of the Forth. 6 M. Gargunnock; 9 M.
Kippen; 13 M. Port of Menteith, 4 M. to the S. of the Lake of Menteith
(p. 537). — 15'/2 M. Buchlyvie, and thence to Aberfoyle, see p. 537. Beyond
Buchlyvie the line goes on to (28 M.) Balloch (p. 533).
The railway from Stirling to Edinburgh joins the Edinburgh
and Glasgow line at Polmont Junction (p. 525).
The stages on the alternative route via Aberfoyle, mentioned at p. 533,
are as follows: — Railway from Glasgow to Buchlyvie and Aberfoyle,
34 M., in l'/3-l'/4 hr.; Coach from Aberfoyle to Loch Katrine Pieb,
7 M., in I1/2 hr. (fare 4s. 6d.); thence as above. — The train starts at
the Queen St. Station (p. 526) and diverges to the N. (left) from the Edin¬
burgh line at (61/z M.) Lenzie (p. 526). 8V2M. Kirkintilloch. Beyond (11 M.)