Steamers. GLASGOW. 67. Route. 527
Cabs. From one station to another, or into the town, 1*. for 1-3 pers.,
112 lbs. of luggage included; each addit. pers. 6d. —- By time: for the first
V2 hr. 1*. 6d.; each y« hr. addit. 6d. — Electric Tramways traverse most of
the chief streets and run to the suburbs. — Omnibuses also are numerous.
Underground Railways. The Glasgow District Subway (cars every
4 min.; fares, all round 2d., any four stations Id.) describes a wide circle
round the W. and S.W. part of the city from St. Enoch Square. Stations:
St. Enoch, Buchanan St., Cowcaddens, St. George's Cross, Kelvin Bridge, Hill-
head, Pariick Cross, Merkland St., Govan Cross, Copland Road, Cessnock,
Kinning Park, Shields Road, West St., and Bridge St. — The Glasgow City
<fc District Railway runs E. and W. from Queen St. Station (Low Level),
affording rapid access to the Cathedral (College Stat.), the University and
West End Park (Charing Cross Stat.), and the West End suburbs (Hynd-
land Stat.). — The Glasgow Central Underground Railway runs from
the Central Station (Low Level) to the N.W. via, Anderston Cross, Stobcross
(junction for Partick), Kelvin Bridge, and Botanic Garden to Maryhill, and
to the S.E. via Glasgow Cross, Glasgow Green, Bridgeton Cross, etc., to
Rulherglen and Bothwell.
Steamers. Deep-sea steamers ply from Glasgow to all parts of Great
Britain and Ireland, and indeed to all parts of the world, while innumer¬
able river-steamers ply to the watering-places on the estuary of the Clyde
and its ramifications (p. 532). In summer practically every point of any
importance in the W. Highlands and Islands may be conveniently reached
by steamer from Glasgow and Greenock. The first 2 hrs. of the river
journey may be avoided by proceeding by train to Greenock or Gourock
(comp. p. 538; 3/«-i hr.). Those, however, who wish to make an acquaint¬
ance with the port of Glasgow and its long series of ship-building yards,
with the deafening din of their hammers, should sail the whole way. —
From Greenock to Belfast daily in 7 hrs. (12s. 6d.); to Dublin daily in 18 hrs.
(15s.); to London thrice weekly (30*.); to Liverpool 4-5 times weekly in
15 hrs. (lis.), etc.
Goods Agents: Wells Fargo Jb Co., 63a. St. Vincent St. — Fine Art
Dealer: Andrew Dulhie, 426 & 428 Sauchiehall St. „,,
American Consul, Samuel M. Taylor, Esq.
Principal Attractions: Cathedral (p. 528); Broomielaw (p. 528); Walk
through Buchanan St. and Argyle St. (p. 529); University (p. 530); Kelvin-
grove Park and Art Galleries (p. 529).
Glasgow, the commercial and industrial capital of Scotland and
the second city of the kingdom, with (1901) 760,423 inhah. (or,
including the suburbs and contiguous boroughs, nearly 1,000,000),
lies on the Clyde, on the site of an episcopal see founded hy St.
Mungo in 560, and rivals Liverpool in its shipping-trade and Man¬
chester in its manufactures.
Among the numerous industries of Glasgow the most characteristic and
important is its Iron and Steel Ship Building (located chiefly at Govan and
Partick), in which it is facile princeps among British towns. Two-thirds
of all British steamers are built on the Clyde, or at least provided there
with their engines. The first steam-engine was constructed at Glasgow by
James Watt, a native of the town, in 1763; and the first steamer on this
side of the Atlantic was placed on the Clyde by Henry Bell in 1812 and
plied between Glasgow and Greenock. Among the other chief industrial
establishments in or near Glasgow are the St. Rollox Chemical Works (PI. G, 2),
occupying 15 acres of ground, with a chimney 435 ft. high (over-topped,
however, by a neighbouring chimney of 455 ft.; the Steel Co. of Scotland's
Works at Newton (railway from Central Station in '/< hr.) and at Blochairn;
and the huge works of the Singer Manufacturing Co. of New York at Kil-
bowie (20 min. by train from Queen St. Stat.). The other chief products
and industries of Glasgow include iron, cotton, and woollen goods, thread,
tubes and boilers, calico-printing, glass, pottery, bleaching, dyeing, and
muslin-weaving. The coal-traffic is also immense.