524 Route 66. NEWHAVEN.
a bustling seaport with (1901) 76,667 inhab. and extensive Docks.
Its two *Piers, each 3/4 M. long, afford a fine view of the Firth of
Forth, enlivened with shipping and bounded by the coast of Fife
(ferry between the pier-heads Id.). The Trinity House, erected
in 1816 on the site of an older building, contains some models of
ships, a large *Painting, by David Scott, of Vasco da Gama rounding
the Cape of Good Hope, and an old portrait of Mary, Queen of
Scots. — Steamers from Leith, see p. 515.
About iy4 M. to the W. of Leith (tramway via. Junction Road)
is the quaint fishing-village of Newhaven (Peacock Inn, fish-
dinner from Is. 6d.), inhabited by a fisher-folk of Scandinavian
origin, who rarely marry out of their own circle and have preserved
most of their ancient customs. The costume of the 'fish-wives', a
familiar sight in the streets of Edinburgh, is very picturesque.
A little to the W. of Newhaven is Trinity, a colony of villas.
Trinity is contiguous to Granton, a modern seaport, with three
magnificent Piers, constructed by the Duke of Buccleuch at a cost
of 150,0001. (fine *View from the E. pier). The traffic here, however,
is very inferior to that of Leith. Steamers, see p. 515.
Excursions from Edinburgh.
1. On a hill IV2 M. to the S. of the suburb of Newington (p. 520) stand
the ruins of Craigmillar Castle, built in 1437, a favourite residence of
Mary, Queen of Scots (key at the Craigmillar Dairy; small fee). The castle
is most easily reached from Duddingston Station on the Suburban Railway.
2. About 3 M. to the W. of Edinburgh lies Corstorphine, reached by
train from Waverley Station, omnibus (p. 515), or on foot by the Queens-
ferry Road (p. 522) or by the footpath via the view-point "'■Rest and be
Thankful', which commands a charming view of Edinburgh and the Firth.
"Corstorphine Hill (520 ft.) also affords beautiful views of the Forth, the
Forth Bridge (p. 550), and the Highland hills.
3. The Pentland Hills, which extend to the S.W. of Edinburgh, afford
numerous pleasant rambles. The highest summits are Scald Law (1898 ft.)
and Carnethy (1890 ft.), two good points of view (see Map). The most
convenient way to reach the Pentlands is to take the train (Caledonian
Stat.) to (372 M.) Colinton, (6M.) Currie^ or (I'h M.) Salerno (comp. Map);
or they may be approached on foot or by carriage through Morningside
(p. 514) and over the Braid Hills (p. 523). R. L. Stevenson (1850-94) lived
for some time at Swanston.
4. Fkom Edinbukgh to Hawthoenden and Roslin (1 day). Train
from Waverley Station (p. 513) to (11 M.) Hawthornden in V2 hr. — *Haw-
thornden (open on week-days in summer, 10-6; adm. 1*.), charmingly situated
on the bank of the North Esk, was the home of the poet Drummond (1585-
1649), who was visited here by Ben Jonson in 1618. The tree under which
they first met is pointed out. Beneath the mansion are some curious artificial
caves. Hence we walk through a romantic wooded glen to (3/4 hr.) Roslin
Castle (adm. 6d.), the ancient seat of the St. Clairs, celebrated in Scott's
'Ror.abelle'. Close by is * Roslin Chapel (open 10-6, in winter 10 till
dusk, adm. 1*.; Sim. only at the services at noon and 6 p.m.), founded
in 1446 as the choir of a collegiate church (which was never finished),
and remarkable for its profuse decoration, the style of which is generally
believed to be Spanish. The "'Prentice Pillar' owes its name to a legend
not unknown elsewhere. Near the chapel are the Royal Hotel (luncheon
2s. 6d.-3s. 6d.) and the Roslin Inn. — We may return to Edinburgh by
an afternoon coach (7 M. ; fare Is.), or by train from Roslin Station. Those