Those who do not fear a short sea-voyage should undoubtedly add
to this tour a visit of 2-3 days to tbe island of Skye, which contains,
perhap3, the grandest scenery in Scotland. The island is reached either
from Oban or from Inverness (via Gairloch or Kyle ofLochalsh; shortest
sea-passage). Those who dispense with a visit to Aberdeen may obtain a cir¬
cular ticket from Edinburgh (Glasgow) for Perth, Dunkeld, Inverness, Ding¬
wall, Achnasheen, Loch Maree, Gairloch, Portree (Skye), Oban, Crinan
Canal, and Glasgow (or in the reverse direction). — Inveraray, which is
not included in the above itinerary, may be visited from Glasgow on a
circular tour of 2-3 days.
b. A Week from Edinburgh or Glasgow. Days
From Edinburgh to Inversnaid as given in R. 68; thence by steamer
to Ardlui, coach or railway to Crianlarich, and railway to Bal-
quhidder (one long day from about 7 a.m. to 6.45 p.m.) ... 1
Railway to St. Fillans, Comrie, Crieff, and Perth....... 1
Railway to Aberfeldy, coach to Kenmore, steamer on Loch Tay to
Killin Pier; railway to Edinburgh or Glasgow...... 1
[Or from Killin by railway to Oban, and on the following day by
steamer or railway back to Edinburgh or Glasgow .... 2]
c. A Week from Glasgow or Edinburgh.
From Glasgow to Inveraray (see pp. 532-533) and thence coach to
Railway to Oban (or by steamer on Loch Awe)....... 1
Steamer to Mallaig and railway to Fort William....... 1
Railway to Crianlarich, coach to Ardlui, thence to Glasgow via
Loch Lomond, or to Edinburgh via the Trossachs.....1-2
The remaining days may be filled up by excursions from Oban to
Staffa and lona; from Glasgow to Arran, Ayr, or the Clyde; from Edin¬
burgh to Melrose, Hawthornden, etc.; or from Perth to Dunkeld or Pitlochry.
IV. Outline of Scottish History.
The first event in the history of Scotland to which a fixed date can
be assigned is its invasion in A.D. 78 by Julius Agricola, who advanced
as far as the Tay. Antoninus Pius (ca. 105) constructed an earthen ram¬
part from the Clyde to the Forth, and Severns (208) carried the Roman
arms to the Moray Firth; but practically the Romans made no permanent
conquests beyond the Great Wall uniting the Solway and the Tyne (see
p. 460). The earliest known inhabitants of the country were the three
Celtic races: Britons, Picts, and Scots. Thej3_o»s extended as far as the
F'orth and Clyde and came partly under Roman influence. The Picts (Latin,
'Picti', painted) or Cruithne seem to have had their original settlements in
the extreme N. of Scotland and Ireland. The Scots, who eventually gave
their name to the whole country, came from Ireland and settled at first
in Argyllshire. From an early period they united with the Picts in assaults
on the Romans and Romanised Britons. The conversion of these three
races to Christianity seems to have begun before the close of the 4th cent.,
and the three chief missionaries were St. Ninian (Galloway; 4-5th cent.), jSf.
Kentigern or Mungo (p. 527; 5-6th cent.), and St. Columba (p. 541; 6-7th cent.).
Down to the 9th cent, the history of the Picts, in the N. part of the
country, and of the Scots, in their kingdom of Dalriada (Argyllshire), is
somewhat confusing and uncertain. The Britons of South Scotland, the
kingdom of Strathclyde, separated by the English from their S. kinsmen,
maintained their independence down to the 10th cent, (see below).
844-860. Kenneth Macalpine unites the Picts and Scots in one kingdom,
at, first called Albany and afterwards (10-llth cent.) Scotland. Contests
with the Britons of Strathclyde.
943-954. Malcolm I. extends his sway over Strathclyde (see above).