4'J6 Route 61. NORFOLK BROADS.
rows'. The church of St. Nicholas (236 ft. long, 112 ft. wide; area
23,265 sq. ft.), the largest parish - church in England but one
(p. 267), was originally founded in 1119, but the oldest parts now
standing are the tower (partly Norman) and the Transitional nave
(1190). Its library contains some interesting old books; the modern
pulpit is handsome. In the chancel is a curious old Revolving
Book Desk. Fine view from the tower. The old *Tolhouse or Gaol
(adm. 2d.) , near the N. end of Middlegate St., is an interesting
building of the 14th cent., now containing a free library (fine old
hall) and museum. The Town Hall, on the South Quay, not far
from the Tolhouse, is a large modern building. No. 4, South Quay,
an Elizabethan house with a modern front, is said to have been the
place in which the death of Charles I. was decided upon by Crom¬
well's supporters. Parts of the old Town Walls are still standing,
including the S.E. and Blackfriars' Towers ; and there are remains
of the Greyfriars' Cloisters in Middlegate St. The Nelson Column
(adm. Gd.), 144 ft. high, in the South Denes, commands a good
view. The Herring Fishery is at its height in autumn, when 'Yar¬
mouth Bloaters' may be seen in all stages of preparation.
Gorleslon (Cliff Hotel; Pier Hotel), the S. suburb of Yarmouth (station,
see p. 495), with a pier and good bathing, is a summer-resort. — Among
other points of interest in the neighbourhood of Yarmouth are Burgh
Castle (4-5 M. to the S.W.), a well-preserved Roman fortification at the
head of Breydon Water; Caister Castle (p. 487); and Lowestoft (p. 494).
From Yarmouth to Norwich, see p. 493; to Lynn and Cromer, see p. 487.
The district to the W. of Yarmouth is par excellence the country of
the Norfolk Broads, large lagoons, generally connected with each other
by sluggish rivers, and alternating with vast expanses of marsh and reed.
There are in all 40-50 Broads, varying in size from 2 to 500 acres (in all
5000 acres), and connected by the Bure, the Yare, and the Waveney (in all
200 M. of navigable river), which all find their way into Breydon Water
(see below). Most of them are on the Bure and its tributaries. Tbe district
affords admirable opportunities for boating, angling, and wild-fowl shooting.
River-yachts for excursions on the Broads may be hired at Yarmouth,
Norwich, Wroxham, or Oulton, at rates varying from 31. to 10/. a week,
according to the size and the number of the crew. The tourist who merely
wishes to see the scenery may take a passage in one of the small steamers
plying from Yarmouth to Wroxham via the Bure and to Norwich via tbe
Yare (comp. below).
The following round trip from Norwich, lasting 10-14 days, will in¬
clude a visit to most of'the principal Broads. — From Norwich to Reedham
(p. 493) and Yarmouth (p. 495) by tho Yare, including Surlingham and
Rockland Broads and Breydon Water, the estuary of the Yare; from Yar¬
mouth to Acle (p. 493), Wroxham (p. 493), and Coltishall (rail, stat.) by the
Bure, visiting South Walsham, Ranworth. Salhouse, Wroxham, and Belaugh
Broads; back by the Bure to the mouth of the Ant (near which are the
ruins of St. Benet's Abbey), 10 M. below Wroxham, and up this stream
to Barton and Stalham Broads; then back to tbe Bure and via. the Thurne
to Heigham Bridge, to visit Heigham Sounds, Hickling and Martham
Broads, and Horsey Mere (these for light-draught boats only); from Heigh¬
am Bridge back to Yarmouth via Acle. The Muck Fleet (for small boats
only), diverging to the N. below Acle Bridge, leads to Filby. Rollesby, and
Ormesby Broads, which are more easily reached by railway from Yar¬
mouth to (5 M.) Great Ormesby (p. 487). The chief Broads not included in
this excursion are Oulton (p. 495) and Fritlon Decoy (p. 495).