424 Route 49. PATTERDALE. The Lake
opposite is the wood-clad Stybarrow Crag. At the head of the lake lies
Patterdale, at the foot of St. Sunday's Crag (2756 ft.) The steamboat-pier
is near the Ullswater Hotel, about t/i M. from the head of the lake.
Patterdale (*Patterdale Hotel, R. 3s. Gd., D. 3s.; White Lion,
unpretending; Lodgings) is a small village, delightfully situated at
the foot of the valley of that name and close to the head of Ullswater.
It is a favourite centre for excursions in the N.E. part of the Lake
District. About 1 M. to the N., on the E. bank of the lake, near
the steamboat-pier, is the large *Vllswater Hotel (R. or D. 4s.),
with pleasant grounds. Near it is the *Glenridding Temperance
Hotel (R. from 2s., D. 3s.-3s. Gd., pens, from 7s. Gd.). On the hill¬
side above the Ullswater Hotel are the Greenside Lead Mines, which
send a stream of polluted water into the lake.
The favourite short excursion from Patterdale is that to Aira Force
(4 M.), which may be made either by land or by water. In the former
case we follow the prettily-wooded road along the W. bank of the lake,
passing (3'/2 M.) the road to Troutbeck station (p. 431), to the beck just
beyond it. We cross the beck and ascend by the path to the left to
0/2 M.) the fall. To the right is Lyulph's Tower, a square ivy-clad build¬
ing, the name of which, like that of the lake itself, is said to commem¬
orate a Baron de L'Ulf of Greystoke. A guide may be obtained here
(unnecessary). For the water-route, which affords better views, small
boats may be obtained either at the Patterdale or the Ullswater Hotel.
The fall of *Aira Force, 70 ft. high, is very romantically situated in a rocky
chasm with wooded sides. Two rustic bridges (rather frail) cross the stream
above and below the fall and afford convenient points of view. The
scenery of the glen above the fall is also picturesque, and another
pretty little fall is formed higher up. A path leads along the left bank
of the stream through Gowbarrow Park, now public property (comp.
p. 431) to (1 M.) Dockray (p. 431). — The following is a fine round of
10-12 M. (4 hrs.) from Patterdale. We take the lane leading to the E.
from the church and follow the track along the E. bank of the lake.
(Visitors at the Ullswater Hotel may save 2M. by ferrying across to
Bleawick.) The higher of the two paths on the slope of Place Fell com¬
mands charming views of dale and fell. After i1/* M. the path descends
to the shore and rejoins tho lower path, and after 1M. more it turns to
the right, away from the lake, and leads round a plantation. At (1M.)
Sandwick, a hamlet at the entrance to Martindale (view of High Street in
the background), a road diverges to the right. Our path leads straight
on through wood and along the base of Hallin Fell (1270 ft.), follows the
line of the shore, bends to the right 1M. farther on, and after 1/2 M. more
joins the road about V«M. short of Howtown ("Hotel, unpretending). From
Howtown we at first follow the road, which ascends past the church and
the hamlet of Cowgarth, to the (1 M.) saddle between Hallin Fell on the
right and Steel Knolls (1190 ft.) on the left. It then descends, crosses a beck,
and turns to the right towards Sandwick (p. 423). About 200-300 yds. from
tbe bridge, however, we turn to the left and follow the road leading
through Boredale. The road crosses (3/t M.) the stream, and ends at the
farmhouse at (1 M.) Boredale Head. From this point we ascend by a steep
bridle-path to (I1/4 M.) Boredale House (1200 ft.; view). The descent on
the other side to P/4 M.) Patterdale is short and steep.
From Patterdale to Hawes Water. The easiest route is to take
the steamer to Howtown, the land-journey to which has been described
above, and ascend thence (272-3 hrs.). Those who wish to drive must
start from Pooley Bridge (to Mardale Green 15 M.). At Howtown we pass
through a gate at the back of the hotel and ascend to the S. through the
glen of Fusedale, at first on the left and then on the right bank of the
beck. In about 1/2 hr. we bend to the left, up the fell, and soon cross a
little stream (no path). Blencathara now appears in our rear and Hel-