ULLSWATER. 49. Route. 423
Pass (1500 ft.), between Red Screes (2540 ft.) on the left and
Caudate Moor (2500 ft.) on the right. About 200 yds. below the
col we pass the Traveller's Rest, a small inn, which is sometimes
wrongly described as the highest inhabited house in England (comp.
p. 398). About as far on the other side of the col, to the left, is
the stone that gives name to the pass; it is supposed to look like
a 'kirk' from a point about halfway down. Brothers' Water comes
into sight in front, with Place Fell, rising above Ullswater, in
the distance. 21/2 M. Brothers' Water Inn. Y2 M. Brothers' Water
(520 ft.), Ys M. square, said to derive its name from the drowning
of two brothers. Below Brothers' Water the road crosses the outlet
of Hayes Water, turns to the left, and crosses (Y2 M.) the Goldrill
Beck. We now descend through Patterdale, passing the mouth of
Deepdale, between Fairfield and St. Sunday's Crag, dn the left,
and soon reach the village of (l3/4 M.) Patterdale (p. 424). Ullswater
Hotel (p. 424) is about 1 M. farther on.
b. Ullswater Section.
Travellers who enter the Lake District on the Ullswater side
leave the railway at Penrith (p. 408), whence several Coaches (fare
2s.) ply daily in summer to (5Y2 M.; 1 hr.) Pooley Bridge (*Sun),
situated to the S.W., at the lower end of trie lake.
Walkers may turn to the S. at the station, without entering the town,
and follow the left (W.) bank of the Eamont. The route passes (3 M.)
Dalemain Hall and crosses Dunmallet Hill (view).
*Ullswater (477 ft.; 'Ulf's water') is the second in size of
English lakes, measuring 7Y2 M. in length and l/t-s/t M. in breadth.
Its greatest depth is 205 ft. The scenery of the lake, which some
prefer to that of Derwentwater and Windermere , increases in pic-
turesqueness and grandeur as we approach the head. No general
view of the lake is obtainable, as its bendings divide it into three
reaches, each of which from some points seems a complete lake in
itself. There is a good road along the whole of the W. side of the
lake, but on the more precipitous E. bank the road stops at the en¬
trance of Boredale (p. 424). Boats may be hired at the hotels
to fish in the lake; boat and man 5s. per day.
The small Steamers which ply on the lake (fares 2s., Is. Gd.; return
3s., 2s.), taking 8/4-l hr. to reach the upper end, start from a small pier,
V4M. from Pooley Bridge. The scenery of the first reach, 3 M. in length, is
rather tame. At the foot of the lake rises the wooded hill of Dunmallet.
To the right is the Brackenrigg Hotel, IV4 M. from Pooley Bridge. Howtown
(p. 424), the only intermediate station, lies in a bay to the left. Opposite is
the point of Skelly Nab. The middle reach, 4 M. long, extends to the islet
of House Holme. To the left rise Hallin Fell (1270 ft.) and Birk Fell (1670 ft.),
with Boredale and the hamlet of Sandwick between them. To the right
are Gowbarrow Fell (1580 ft.), the finely-wooded Gowbarrow Park (forever
associated with Wordsworth's 'Daffodils'), and Lyulph's Tower (p. 424).
In front of us rises the stately Helvellyn. We now turn to the left into
the upper reach, 2 M. long, which contains a few islets. The "View here is
very grand. To the left Place Fell (2164 ft.) descends abruptly into the lake;