LAKE DISTRICT. 49. Route, 'ill
40 M. Foxfield is the junction of the line to (1 M.) Broughton
(p. 416) and Coniston (10 M., in 25 min.; see p. 414). — We now
cross the estuary of the Duddon (p. 416). From (pl^l^M^Ravenglass
(Queen's Head; Pennington Arms, R.2s., D. 2s. 6d.) a narrow-gauge
line runs via Beckfoot to (7M.) Boot (Woolpack; Mason's Arms), the
nearest station to Wast Water (p. 434).— 59 M.Drigg (Victoria); 61M.
Seascale (see p. 435). From (63 M.) Sellafield a branch-line diverges to
the mining-district of Cleator Moor. — 69'/2 M. St. Bees (Sea Cote;
Albert, R. 3s., D. 2s. Gd.), with an ancient church and a theological
college. To the left is St. Bees Head, rising 300 ft. above the sea.
74 M. Whitehaven (Grand, R. 3s., D. from 2s.; Globe, R. or
D. 3s.; Black Lion), a seaport with 19,325 inhab. and a fine harbour.
Steamers to Ramsey, see p. 358.
From Whitehaven the line is prolonged to (7 M.) Workington (Railway
Hotel; Green Dragon, R. 3*., D. 4s. Gd.), a seaport at the mouth of the
Derwent, with large steel-works and important salmon-fisheries, and to
(14 M.) Maryport (see p. 410).
49. The Lake District.
The picturesque mountainous region known as the "'English Lake
District is comprised within tbe counties of Westmorland and Cumberland,
together with the adjoining northern portion of Lancashire; and its boundaries
may be roughly described as the Irish Sea and Morecambe Bay on the W.
and S.; the railway from Lancaster to Carlisle on the E.; and a line drawn
from Penrith to Workington on the N. Within these limits lies a wealth
of charmingly diversified scenery; and though none of the mountains
exceeds 3200 ft. in height, and the largest of the lakes is only IOV2 M. long,
their picturesqueness and even wildness are far greater than their size
would lead one to expect. There are in all about 16 lakes or meres
(the largest being Windermere, Ullswater, Coniston, and Derwentwater),
besides innumerable mountain-tarns. The highest summits are Scafell
Pike (3210 ft.), Scafell (31G6 ft.), Helvellyn (3118 ft.), and Skiddaw (3054 ft.).
The usual approaches to the Lake District are from Oxenholme (p. 407)
to Windermere, from Carnforth (p. 407) to Lake Side (Windermere) or Coni¬
ston, and from Penrith (p. 408) to Keswick or Ullswater. Seascale (see above &
p. 435) is a convenient starting-point for the Wastwater district. The most
common and perhaps the best plan is to begin with Windermere, as in this
case we see the tamer scenery first. Those who can devote One Day only
to the Lakes will see most by taking the coach from Bowness-on- Windermere
to Ambleside, Grasmere, Thirlmere, and Keswick (see p. 412; or steamer to
Ambleside and coach thence); or they may make the circular tour from
Coniston or Ambleside, mentioned at p. 419. A Skcond Day may be
devoted to the Butlermere round described at pp. 428, 429, and a Thii;u
Day to Ullswater, in which ease the Lake District is quitted via Penrith (see
p. 423). — A week's walk may be planned thus: 1st Day. From Windermere
to Ambleside, Grasmere, and Dungeon Gill (16 M.; steamer to Ambleside,
see p. 412). — 2nd Day. From Dungeon Gill by Rossetl Gill to Wasdale
Head, 3-4 hrs., or including an ascent of Scafell Pike, 4J/2-6 hrs. —
3i!D Day. From Wasdale Head to Angler's Inn, Ennerdale, by the Pillar
or by the Black Sail Pass, 6-7 hrs.; from Ennerdale to Butlermere via
Floutern Tarn and Scale Force, 2>/2-3 hrs. — 4th Day. From Buttermere
to Keswick via Honisier House and Borrowdale, 14 M. — 5tii Day. From
KeswicK via Helvellyn to Patterdale, 5-6 hrs. — 6tii Day. Sail on Ullswater,
visit Aira Force, and go on to Penrith; or, from Patterdale to Windermere
by the Kirkstone Pass and Troutbeck, 13 M. (digression to Hawes Water, 6 M.).
The following list of local names may he useful. Beck, brook; Combe,
hollow (comp. p. 134); Dedd, a spur of a mountain; Fell, a mountain; Force,