47. From Liverpool or Manchester to Carlisle.
119 M L. N. W. Railway in 23/4-52/3 hrs. (fares from Liverpool 18s. lid.,
10s. lid., 9s. lid.; from Manchester 18s., 11*. 2d., 10s. Id.). The two lines
unite at Wigan (see below; Vs 1 hr.). A
The Midland route (3V2 hrs.; same fares) runs from Liverpool via
Ormskirk (p. 348) to Blackburn (p. 356), where it is joined by the Manchester
route via, Bolton (p. 350); thence to Hellifield, where the main line is joined,
see p. 356.
From Liverpool to (18V2M0 w«0<m*i seep. 350; from Manchester
to(18M.) Wigan, see p. 350. At Wigan (Royal; Victoria, R. 3s. Gd.,
L. 2s. Gd.; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), an iron, brass, and cotton making
town with (1901) 60,770 inhab., in an important coal-district, we
join the trunk-line of the L. N.W. R.
About 3 M. to the N. of Wigan (also reached from Red Rock station)
is Haigh Hall, the seat of the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres. It contains
a large library, illuminated MSS., early-Christian carvings in ivory, and
pictures, including examples of Botticelli, Bronzino, Rembrandt, Alonzo
Cano, Reynolds, and Gainsborough. Application for admission may be
made to the librarian, Mr. W. Edmond.
Beyond (28 M.) Farington we cross the Ribble (*View to the
29 M. Preston (*Park Hotel, R. from is. Gd., D. 5s.; Victoria; Bull;
Alexandra Temperance; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), an important centre
of the cotton manufacture, with (1901) 120,860 inhabitants. The
principal buildings are the Town Hall, from a design by Sir G. G.
Scott; the Harris Free Library $• Museum, with good sculptures in
the pediment by E. Roscoe Mullens; the County Hall; and the Parish
Church, partly rebuilt in 1885. The town possesses three large
Preston is a place of considerable antiquity and was frequently the
scene of contests between the English and the Scots. The Parliament¬
arians defeated the Royalists near Preston in 1648, and it was occupied by
the Pretender in 1715. Richard Arkwright, the inventor, was born at Preston
in 1732. Preston was the cradle of the temperance movement, and the first
teetotal pledges were signed here by Joseph I.ivesey and his friends in 1833.
There is a well-defined Roman Camp at Ribchestcr, on the Rihblc, 11 M.
above Preston. .,
Fpom Preston to Blackpool and Fleetwood, 21 M., railway in
1/2-I hr. (fares 3s. 3d., Is. lid., Is. Sy?d.). — From (8 M.) Kirkham a branch-
line diverges to the left for the flourishing watering-places of Lylham
(Clifton Arms, R. 3s. tod., D. 4s ; Queen; good golf links), and St. Anne s-
by-the-Sea (St. Anne's Hotel; Grand), whence it goes on to Blackpool (see
r,elow). _ l4i/„ M. Poulton is the starting-point of the regular line to (lh M.)
Blackpool (Milropole, R.5s., L. 3s.-3s.6d.,D. 5s.; Park; Clifton Arms;County;
Albion, pens. 8s. 6d.; Imperial Hydropathic, pens. 10-12s.), one ot the most
popular sea-bathing resorts in the North of England, with a fine esplanade,
three piers, a winter garden, an 'Eiffel Tower' (500ft. high), a gigantic wheel,
three theatres, the 'Alhambra' (varieties; huge ball-room), etc. An electric
tramway connects Blackpool with St. Anne's and Lylham (see above) and with
Fleetwood — The direct line from Poulton goes on to (21 M.) Fleetwood
(Mount; Crown; Royal; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), a flourishing watering-place on
the Irish Channel. Mail-steamers ply hence daily to Belfast, and there is a
summer-service to the Isle of Man (p. 353). About 3 M. to the S.W. is
Rossall School, a large public school (400 boys).
From Garstang a branch-line runs to the W. to Winmarleigh
mid PUlina. — 50 M. Lancaster (County, R. A-bs.; King's Arms;