402 Route 46. MANSFIELD. Sherwood
Mansfield (*Swan, an excellent long-established house, with a
winding oak staircase 300 years old, R. from 4s., B. or L. 2s. Gd.,
D. from 3s.; Midland, R. or D. from 2s. Gd.; White Hart, R. or D.
from 2s. Gd. ; Portland Temperance, R. from 2s., D. 2s. Gd.), a thriv¬
ing town with (1901)21,441 inhab., lies on the river Maun, on the
W. margin of Sherwood Forest. It claims to date back to Roman
times. The Parish Church (St. Peter's), originally Norman, was re¬
built in the 14th cent, and has since been repeatedly altered and re¬
stored. In the market-place is a memorial to Lord George Bentinck
(d. 1848). The King's Mill, where Henry II. is said to have visited the
'Miller of Mansfield', lies 1 M. to the S.W., but it has been rebuilt.
About IV2 M. to the S.E. of Mansfield is Berry Hill, with Thompson's
Grave, a good point of view.
The "Dukeries Drive (p. 401) from Mansfield runs via, the Birkland
Woods (p. 405), Welbeck Abbey (p. 403), Clumber (p. 404), Thoresby (p. 404),
and the Parliament Oak (p. 40o). — Mansfield is also a good starting-point
for excursions in Sherwood Forest (p. 401).
From Mansfield to Newstead Abbey, 5 M. (carr. there and back 10s.,
with two horses 17s. 6d.). The road leads to the S., through Harlow Wood
and other out-lying fragments of Sherwood Forest, full of reminiscences
of Robin Hood. It may also be reached by train (comp. p. 382). — ''Newstead
Abbey (open on Tues. & Frid.; apply beforehand to the housekeeper),
the ancient home of Lord Byron (1788-1824), was originally founded in 1170.
The W. facade and the ruins of the E.E. Abbey Church are the most in¬
teresting architectural features. The interior of the house contains relics
of Byron and David Livingstone, old paintings and furniture, china, in¬
teresting portraits, and the hunting trophies of Mr. W. F. Webb, the
late owner. Byron's room is kept nearly as he left it. On the lawn is
Boatswain's' grave, with the well-known epitaph. Byron's Oak was planted
by the poet in 1798. Veneiia's Garden was suggested by Disraeli's novel.
From Mansfield to Hardwick Hall, 6V2 M. This oxcursion may he
made by road all the way (carr. 10s. 6d., with two horses 17s. 6d., inch
Bolsover Castle 25s.) or by railway to Rowthorn <t Hardwick Station (fares
lid., 6Vsd.), which lies about 1 M. to the N.E. of the Hall. — "Hardwick
Hall (week-days 11-4, Sat. 11-1), a seat of the Duke of Devonshire, is an
extensive Elizabethan mansion erected in 1590-97 by 'Bess of Hardwick', the
building Countess of Shrewsbury (p. 371), who was born in a house which
her own superseded (a fragment of the Old Hall still exists). Its numerous
windows gave rise to the jingle of 'Hardwick Hall, more glass than
wall'. Mary, Queen of Scots, is said to have spent part of her captivity
hare. The "Picture Gallery, said to be lighted by 25,000 panes of glass,
contains many interesting portraits. — On the N. margin of the park lies
Ault Hucknall ("Hardwick Inn), the church of which, incorporating some
Saxon details, contains the tomb of Thomas Hobbes (15S8-1G79), author of
A visit to Hardwick is easily combined with one to Bol30ver Castle,
which lies 4'/2 M. farther to the N. (by road or rail), originally a Norman
edifice but rebuilt on a magnificent scale about 1613 by Sir Charles Caven¬
dish, son of Bess of Hardwick and father of the first Duke of Newcastle.
Charles I. was entertained here with a performance of Ben Jonson's masque,
'Love's Welcome'. The habitable portion is shown by special permission
only. — The little town of Bolsover (Swan) possesses an interesting church,
burned down in 1897 but since rebuilt.
From Mansfield to Nottingham, see p. 387.
From Mansfield to Worksop, 15 M., railway in 35-40 min.
(fares 2s., Is. 2y2<i,; to Sheffield 3s. Sd., 2s. 3d.). — The train
crosses the town by a lofty viaduct and runs towards the N. iy2 M.