Ascents. SNOWDON. 40. Route. 339
Ascent of Snowdon from the Snowdon Ranger (Quellyn
Lake Station, see p. 333), 4 M., in i1^-^1/* hrs.; guide 7s. Gd.,
pony 7s. Gd.
From the Snowdon Ranger Inn to (20-25 min.) the point where the
route to Llanberis diverges to the left, see p. 331. The Snowdon path
leads straight on, and though it is sometimes indistinct, the general
line towards the summit can scarcely be missed. By keeping well up the
hill we avoid the marshy ground to the west. In about 1 hr. from the
start we pass Llyn Ffynnon-y-Gwas on the right and begin the steep part
of the ascent, which zigzags up the shoulder of Clogwyn du'r-Arddu, with
the hollow of Cwm Clogwyn to the right. Farther up, the path becomes
very stony, and by diverging a few yards to the left we can look down
upon the tiny Llyn Du'r Arddu (p. 337). The views from the latter part
of the route, which joins the Llanberis track 74 hr. from the summit,
are very fine. Either this route or that from Snowdon Station is recom¬
mended as a descent for those who wish to reach Carnarvon.
Any of the above-described routes may be chosen for descending, and
the directions given for the ascent will be found available for the de¬
scent. A good alternative descent to Beddgelert is the following. At the
lower end of the Bwlch-y-Maen (p. 338), instead of turning to the
right along the Llechog shoulder, we keep to the left in the direction of
the summit of Yr Aran (2450 ft.), the S. outpost of Snowdon. From the
Bwlch-Cwm-y-Llan we may now descend through the Cwm-y-Llan (p. 338),
passing some mines, to the road through Nant Gwynant (p. 334), which
we reach 72 M. to the S. of Llyn Gwynant. (To Pen-y-Gwryd, see p. 335.)
Or we may proceed to the top of Yr Aran and descend on the other side
direct to Beddgelert (p. 334).
41. From Chester to Birkenhead and Liverpool.
16'/2 M. Railway (joint L. N. W. and G. W. line) in 3/4-l hr., includ¬
ing the steam-ferry across the Mersey (fares 2s. 7d., Is. 8d., Is. 4d.). —
Liverpool may also be reached from Chester by the L. N. W. R. via
Runcorn (27 M., in 3/4-l hr.; fares 2s. 10d., Is. Sd., Is. Gd.), fee p. 364.
The line traverses the Wirral Peninsula between the estuaries
of the Dee and the Mersey, commanding fine views of the latter.
From (8 M.) Hooton branch-lines diverge on the one side to Park-
gate and West Kirby (a sea-bathing resort on the Dee), and on the
other to Helsby (for Warrington and Manchester). — 9Ya M. Brom-
borough. A little to the N. is Eastham Ferry (Ferry Hotel), whence
steamers ply on the Mersey to Liverpool. The works of the Man¬
chester Ship Canal (p. 356), which enters the Mersey here, include
three large locks, 600, 350, and 150 ft. long. The outer gates weigh
nearly 300 tons apiece. — HY2 M. Spital, so named from an old
hospital for lepers. To the right lies Port Sunlight, an attractive
model village, built by Messrs. Lever for the work-people in their
soap-factory. 13 M. Bebington, with a chuch of the time of
llenry VIII. The suburbs of Liverpool now come into sight beyond
the Mersey. — 14 M. Rock Ferry, with frequent steamers to Liver¬
pool, is the junction for the Mersey Tunnel Railway (p. 347). —
Farther on, the train enters the spacious Joint Station at Birkenhead.
15Y2 M. Birkenhead (Queens, R. 3-4s.; Woodside, R. 3s. Gd.;
Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), a busy seaport of modern origin, with (1901)
110,926 inhab., on the left bank of the Mersey, which is here 3/4 M.