WREXHAM. 39. Route. 283
The train leaves the Severn to the left and crosses the battle¬
field of Shrewsbury (p. 277). Beyond (774 M.) Baschurch, a village
with remains of a British hill-fort, we traverse a flat and marshy
district. The Breidden Hills are visible in the distance, with Rod¬
ney's monument (p. 278). — 16 M. Whittington, a prettily-situated
village, with the ruins of an old castle, is also a station on the
line from Oswestry to Whitchurch (p. 282).
Near (18 M.) Gobowen, the junction for the line to Oswestry and
Welshpool (see p. 279), we cross Watt's Dyke, an embankment re¬
sembling Offa's Dyke, and supposed like it to have been erected by
the Mercian Saxons to defend themselves against the Britons. Near
(20 M.) Preesgweene the train crosses the charming valley of the
Ceiriog, here the boundary between Shropshire and Wales, by a
viaduct 100 ft. high. — 21 M. Chirk (*Hand Hotel), a prettily
situated village uear the left bank of the Ceiriog.
Chirk Castle (p. 322) lies H/4 M. to the W. of the station. To the
left of the road we have a view of the fine aqueduct and viaduct cross¬
ing the valley of the Ceiriog (see p. 322). There is also a footpath
from Chirk to the Castle, which is nearly lfe M. shorter than the road.
— About 1 M. to the S.E. of Chirk, overlooking the valley of the Ceiriog,
is Brynkinalt, the seat of Lord Trevor, partly built by Inigo Jones. The
Duke of Wellington spent many of his holidays here when a boy (no adm.).
— Steam-tramway from Chirk to Glyn Ceiriog, see p. 322.
Beyond (2372 M.) Cefn the train crosses the valley of the Dee by
a viaduct 145 ft. high and 1450 ft. long, commanding an exquisite
*View in both directions. To the left is Pont-y- Cysylltau (p. 323),
in the distance are the Berwyn Mts. On the right we skirt Wynn¬
stay Park (see p. 323), with its fine old oaks.
25 M. Ruabon (Wynnstay Arms; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), near
which are some important iron and coal mines, is the junction of
the railway to Llangollen, Corwen, and Dolgelley (see R. 40c). The
church contains several monuments of the Wynn family. The valley
of the Dee and other environs afford numerous charming walks.
The line now runs parallel with Offa's Dyke and Watt's Dyke,
through a district abounding in coal and iron. To the right, near
Wrexham, is Erddig Hall, picturesquely situated on a hill.
30 M. Wrexham (Wynnstay Arms; Knowles's Temperance) is a
well-built market-town with 14,966 inhab., sometimes called the
metropolis of North Wales. The handsome *Church, built in 1472
on the site of an earlier building, contains two monuments by
Roubiliac; the tower, added in 1506, is adorned with numerous
figures of saints. Outside the church, to the W. of the tower, is the
tomb of Elihu Yale (1648-1721), after whom Yale University in the
United States is named. The quaint epitaph, restored in 1874 by
the authorities of Yale, begins:
'Born in America, in Europe bred, In Africa travelled, in Asia wed
Where long he liv'd and thriv'd, in London Dead.
Much good some ill he did, so hope all's even
And that his soul through mercy's gone to heaven.'