MACHYNLLETH. 38. Route. 279
R. 4s., D. from 3s.; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), an interesting old town with
9579 inhab. and a picturesque church-tower. At Old Oswestry is a British
camp. Oswestry is a convenient starting-point for an excursion to Pistyll
Rhaiadr (p. 278; combined rail and coach tour, 2s. 6d. return). — At
Gobowen, 2l/2 M. from Oswestry by a branch-line, we reach the railway
from Shrewsbury to Chester (see R. 39).
26 M. Montgomery. The small town of Montgomery (Green
Dragon), which lies 2 M. to the S.E. of the station, is interesting
for the finely-situated ruins of the old *Castle, dating from the
11th century. An extensive British Camp on an adjoining hill com¬
mands a fine view. The Church contains some old monuments.
About 1 M. to the S.E. is Lymore House.
Offa's Dyke, a boundary-wall erected by King Offa of Mercia (8th
cent.), and extending from Flintshire to the mouth of the Wye (p. 213),
passes within a mile or two of Montgomery (to the E.) and may be con¬
veniently visited thence.
From (30 M.) Abermule a short branch-line diverges on the left
to Kerry, with an interesting, partly Norman church. — 34 M.
Newtown (Boar's Head; Bear), a flannel-manufacturing town with
6500 inhabitants. The new church contains a fine screen removed
from the old church. Robert Owen (1771-1858), the socialist (comp.
p. 531), was born, died, and is buried here. — About 1 M. to the
S., on the road to Builth, is a fine waterfall, 75 ft. high.
3872 M. Moat Lane (Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), the junction of
the line to Llanidloes, Builth, Brecon, and Merthyr Tydvil (see
p. 213). — Beyond (40 M.) Caersws the line quits the Severn and
enters the pretty wooded valley of the Carno. About Wfa M. to
the N.E. of (45 M.) Carno lie three picturesque little lakes. We
now cross the highest point of the line (690 ft.). — 52 M. Llan-
brynmair (Wynnstay Arms); 5 M. to the S. is the beautiful
*Waterfall of the Twymyn, 140 ft. high. — From (567'2M.) Cemmes
Road (Dovey Hotel) a short branch-line (temporarily closed at
present) runs through the pretty valley of the Dovey or Dyfi to (7 M.)
Dinas Mawddwy (Buckley Arms, R. or D. 3s.).
About l1/* M. to the S. E. of Dinas Mawddwy is Mallwyd (Peniarth
Arms), a charmingly-situated village, with some fine yews in the church¬
yard. Walkers may go on from Dinas Mawddwy to (7 M.) the Cross Foxes
Inn (p. 314) and (IOV2 M.) Dolgelley (p. 313), or cross the Bwlch-y-Groes Pass
to (I2V2M.) Llanuwchllyn (p. 318) or to (16 M.) Lake Vyrnwy (p. 319). An
excursion-brake runs thrice weekly from Dinas Mawddwy to Dolgelley.
6I72 M. Machynlleth (Wynnstay e? Herbert; Lion; Glyndwr,
near the station; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), pronounced Machunthleth, a
small town with 2038 inhab., believed to be the Roman Maglona,
is prettily situated on the Dovey, at the foot of the Arran-y-Gessel
(2225 ft.). It affords convenient headquarters for excursions, owing
to its central situation and extensive railway-communications. The
fishing in the neighbourhood is good. The Perp. old Church has been
restored. Plas Machynlleth, the residence of Lord Herbert Vane-
Tempest, adjoins the town on the S.
Among the favourite points within easy reach are Barmouth (p. 311),
Dolgelley (p. 313), Cader Idris (p. 317), Mallwyd (see above), Llyfnant Valley