to Birmingham. WARWICK. 34. Route. 255
of Henry VII. at Westminster Abbey. Among the numerous interesting
monuments are those of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (d. 1499),
the builder of the chapel; Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (d. 1688), the
favourite of Queen Elizabeth, with his wifeLettice; Ambrose Dudley, Earl
of Warwick (d. 1689), the brother of the last; and an infant son (the
'Noble Impe', says the inscription) of Lord Dudley. The beauty of the
first of these monuments shows that there was at least one English
sculptor of the time not unworthy of comparison with his contemporaries,
Donatello and Ghiherti.
Above the Market Hall, not far from the church, is the Museum,
containing collections of birds, fossils, and local antiquities (open
11 to 4 or 5; adm. 3d.).
At the W. end of the High St., beyond the Warwick Arms,
is the Lord Leycester Hospital, established by Robert Dudley, Earl
of Leicester, for twelve poor brothers in 1571, in a quaint half-
timbered building of earlier date (open till 7 p.m.; adm. 6d.).
The quadrangle is very picturesque, and the building contains several
interesting relics, such as a Saxon chair, said to be 1000 year3 old, and
a piece of needle-work by Amy Robsart. The Spanish chestnut beams of
the hall look as white and fresh as if set up last week. The Bear and
the Ragged Staff, the cognizance of the Warwick earldom, is frequently
repeated, as in the Beauchamp Chapel (see p. 254), and indeed throughout
the town. The chapel, built over the West Gate of the town (see p. 254),
was founded in the 12th cent., but its tower is contemporaneous with the
Lord Leycester Hospital (end of 14th cent.).
On a commanding position overlooking the Avon, at the S.E.
end of the town, rises ""Warwick Castle, the ancient and stately
home of the Earl of Warwick. The castle, which is one of the
finest and most picturesque feudal residences in England, prob¬
ably dates from Saxon times; but the oldest portion now stand¬
ing is the huge Caesar's Tower, nearly 150 ft. high, which
seems to have been built soon after the Norman Conquest. The
great bulk of the residential part belongs to the 14th and 15th
centuries. The roofs of the Great Hall and several other rooms
were restored in the old style after a destructive fire in 1871.
The outstanding event in the history of the castle is its success¬
ful defence by the Parliamentarians during the Civil War. Visitors
are admitted to the castle from 10 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. (4.30 in winter)
by tickets (2s. each) obtainable at a shop opposite the gate.
From the Porter's Lodge a short avenue cut in the solid rock leads to
the Outer Court, with Csesar's Tower (see above) to the left and Guy's
Tower (128 ft.) to the right. The top of the latter affords an admirable
"View. The double gateway between the towers leads to the beautiful
"Inner Court, with its velvety turf. Opposite us is the mound on which
stood the original keep.
The Interior contains an interesting collection of paintings, old ar¬
mour, and curiosities. In the Great Hall are the sword and other relics
of the legendary Count Guy of Warwick (see p. 256), the mace of War¬
wick the 'King-Maker', the helmet of Cromwell, and the armour in which
Lord Brooke was killed at Lichfield. The windows of this and many
of the other rooms afford fine views of the Avon. Among the paintings
are a portrait of Ignatius Loyola by Rubens (in the Gilt Drawing Room);
Charles I. by Van Dyck (in the Family Dining Room); and several other
portraits by the same masters. In the Cedar Drawing Room is a fine Vene¬
tian mirror, and in the Gilt Drawing Room an inlaid table of great value.