252 Route 33. OXFORD. Environs.
(of which Newman was chaplain) and Iffley (p. 22S). The last-named village,
which affords a good view of Oxford, possesses an interesting Norman
church. This is a round of 7-8 M.
About 6 M. to the W. of Oxford lies Stanton Harcourt, the ancient
seat of the Harcourt family, reached by a pleasant walk passing Cumnor
and (4 M.) Bablockhythe, where we cross the 'stripling Thames' by a ferry.
The old manor-house was built in the reign of Edward IV. and con¬
tains a room in which Pope spent two summers. The curious old kitchen,
which still remains, has been described as 'either a kitchen within a chim¬
ney or a kitchen without one'. Pope, who wrote the 5th book of his 'Iliad'
here, has given a playful and picturesque account of Stanton Harcourt in
one of his letters. Near the village are three large stones known as the
Devil's Quoits. — Cumnor Hall (destroyed) is known to all readers of Kenil¬
worth and friends of the unfortunate Amy Robsart. The church contains
the tomb of Anthony Forster, with a highly laudatory inscription!
Shotover Hill (600 ft.), 4 M. to the E., commands a fine view of Oxford
and its environs. It was a favourite resort of the undergraduate Shelley.
About l'/2 M. farther on is Cuddesden (see p. 227), with the palace of the
Bishop of Oxford and a large theological college.
A pleasant walk of 9-10 M. may be taken along the E. hank of the
Cherwell to Islip (p. 228), Oddington, and Charlton-on-Otmoor. The church
of Charlton has a fine rood-screen of carved oak (ca. 1500). A detour may
be made to Water Eaton, on the W. bank, with a good Elizabethan manor-
house. Boats may also ascend the Cherwell to (9 M.) Islip, passing (l'/2 M.)
Parson's Pleasure, the University bathing-place, below which ladies usually
land, rejoining the boat higher up.
Archaeologists may pay a visit to the 'British Village', near Stand-
lake, about 7 M. to the S.W. of Oxford. A little to the E. of Standlake
is Gaunt House, a moated dwelling-house of the 15th century.
Excursions may also be made from Oxford to Dorchester (p. 229),
Wantage and the Vale of the White Horse (p. 112), Wychwood Forest
(10-12 M. to the N.W.), etc.
Boating on the Thames is a very favourite recreation at Oxford (to
London, see p. 228). Above Oxford the river is navigable as far as Lechlade
(p. 197), 2 M. short of which is Ke.lmscolt, with an Elizabethan manor-
house, long the country-residence of William Morris (1834-96), poet and
socialist, who is buried in the village. Two favourite points for short
excursions are Iffley and Nuneham (see p. 228). Another is Godstoie Nunnery
(Trout Inn), 2 M. above Oxford, dating from the 12th cent.; the ruins are
very scanty, and their chief interest arises from the fact that Fair Rosamond
was educated here. About 1 M. to the W. of Godstow is Wytham Abbey, an
Elizabethan mansion on the site of an early religious house. Visitors
to the country round Oxford should he familiar with Matthew Arnold's
'Thyrsis' and 'The Scholar Gypsy'.
The direct route from Oxford to Cambridge (77 M., in 272-4 hrs.; fares
13s., 8s., 6s. 5d.) runs via Bletchley (see p. 263) and Bedford (p. 375). The
trains, however, are often slow and their connection imperfect; so that
it is almost as quick to go via London.
34. From Oxford to Leamington, Warwick, and
66 M. Gkeat Western Railway in 1-374 hrs. (fares lis., 7s., 5s. 6d.).
Through-trains from London to Birmingham by this route (129 M.) take
274-474 hrs. (fares 17s. 4d., lis. 10d., 9s. 5d.).
Oxford, p. 233. — From (5T/2 M.) Kidlington a branch runs to
the left to (3V2M.) Blenheim §■ Woodstock (p. 251). — 16 M. Aynhoe.
About 3/4 M. to the N.E. is Aynhoe Park (W. C. Cartwright, Esq.),
whence Charles I. issued a proclamation to his people after the battle of