234 Route 33. OXFORD. History.
Road (beyond PL B, 1), near Medley Lock (where the 'Upper River' begins;
Id.). — 3. From Carfax via Banbury Road (PI. C, 1) to Summertown (bey.
PL C, 1). — 4. From Carfax, past Christ Church and over Folly Bridge
(bey. PL D, 5), to New Ilinksey (Id.). — Omnibuses from the head of Corn-
market St. (PL D, 3) via Broad St., Holywell St. (PI. E, F, 3), and Magdalen
Bridge (PL G, 5) to Iffley (fare 2d.); from Carfax via, Woodstock Road
(PL C, 1, 2) to Summertown (Id.).
Cab for not exceeding 1 M., for 1-2 pers. Is., each addit. '/« M. 6d.,
each addit. pers. 6d. for the whole hiring; per hour for 1-2 pers. 2s., each
addit. pers. 6d. per hour. Fare and a half between midnight and 6 a.m.
Luggage up to 56 lbs. free.
Guides, Is. per hour, are of little use, except to save time.
Boats may be hired on the Isis, for the 'Lower River' at Christ Church
Meadow (p. 240) and for the 'Upper River' at Medley Lock (see above). The
latter is frequented mainly by the less serious oarsman and the votary
of 'centre-boarding' (sailing), while the lower river is left to those in
training for the races. The Cherwell is also available for boating. The
course where all the college-races are decided extends from Iffley (p. 228) to
the College Barges, which are moored to the bank at Christchurch Meadow.
The principal races (the 'Eights') are rowed in the middle of the summer
term; the 'Torpids' in the Lent term.
Baths. Turkish Baths, Merton St. (2s. 6d.; swimming-bath Is.); Hot and
Cold Baths (Gd.), at the Racquet Courts, Holywell, and Museum Terrace.
— River Baths: University Bathing Place, on the Isis, near Clasper's Boat
House (towels 3d.); on the Cherwell, near the Parks (towels 6d.).
Principal Attractions. Christ Church (p. 238); Merton College (p. 240);
Christ Church Meadow (p. 240); Broad Walk (p. 240); St. Mary's Church
(p. 241); Radcliffe Camera (p. 241) and view from the top; Bodleian Li¬
brary (p. 242); Divinity School (p. 243); Theatre (p. 243); University Museum
(p. 244); University Galleries and Ashmolean Museum (p. 249); New College
(p. 245); Magdalen College (p. 245), with its beautiful grounds; Balliol
College (p. 248); All Souls College (p. 247); Exeter College (p. 247), with
its garden; St. John's College (p. 249), with its gardens; gardens of Wor¬
cester, Wadham, and Trinity Colleges (pp. 250, 244, 248). A college-chapel
service should be attended at New College, Magdalen, or Christ Church;
and the visitor should also see a boat-race and a cricket or football match
in the Parks. — Visitors may wander at will about the colleges and college
gardens. The chapels are generally open for 2 hrs. in the forenoon and 2 hrs.
in the afternoon, and admission to them when closed, as well as to the
halls and libraries, may be obtained on application to the porter (small fee).
Oxford, with (1901) 49,413 inhab., the county-town of Oxford¬
shire, an episcopal see, and the seat of one of the most ancient and cel¬
ebrated universities in Europe, is situated amid picturesque environs
at the confluence of the Cherwell and the Thames (often called in
its upper course the Isis). It is surrounded by an amphitheatre of
gentle hills, the tops of which command a fine view of the city,
with its domes and towers. Oxford is on the whole more attractive
than Cambridge to the ordinary visitor, but both should be visited
Oxford (called Oxeneford in Domesday Book, but possibly a corrup¬
tion of Ousenford, or ford over the Ouse or water) is a town of some
antiquity, the nucleus of which seems to have been the nunnery of St.
Frideswide, established on the site of the present cathedral, probably in
the 8th century. The earliest documentary occurrence of the name Oxford
is in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle under the year 912. In the 11th cent.
the town was a place of military importance and the scene of several
meetings of the Witenagemot. The foundation of the University is apo-
cryphally ascribed to King Alfred in 972, but the first gathering of masters
and scholars, not attached to monastic establishments, took place in the