222 Route 2U. PEMBROKE. From Whitland
As the train leaves Tenby we have a view to the left of Giltar
and Caldy Island. Beyond (17 M.) Penally (p. 220) the line runs
through an unattractive district, bounded on the N. by the Ridge¬
way. 20 M. Manorbier; the village (p. 221) lies 1 M. to the S. —
At (24 M.) Lamphey are the ruins of Lamphey Palace (see below),
a former residence of the Bishops of St. David's (p. 219).
On leaving the station we turn to the left, and after 100 yds. reach
an iron swing-gate admitting to the grounds of Lamphey Court, in which
the ruins lie. We follow the path, which soon joins the drive, and pass
through (5 min.) an old archway, beyond which we have a lofty garden-
wall to our right. At the end of this is a gate to the right (not the door
in the wall), through which we pass and proceed to another gate, admit¬
ting to the ivy-clad ruin. The principal remains are the Chapel, with a good
Perp. window, and the Hall, with an arcade like those at Swansea Castle
and St. David's Palace, all three being ascribed to Bishop Gower (1335). —
About i'/z M. to the S.E. of Lamphey station is Hodgeston Church, the
Dec. chancel of which is also said to have been built by Bishop Gower.
25i/4 M. Pembroke (Lion; King's Arms, R. Is. 9d., D. 2s. 6d.,
both near the castle), a meanly-built town with 15,853 inhab.
(incl. Pembroke Dock), consists mainly of one street, fully i/2 M.
long, with the rail, station at one end and the castle at the other.
The *0astle (adm. 6d.; key kept by the saddler nearly opposite
the Lion) is externally one of the finest ruins in Wales, but in¬
side is inferior to Beaumaris and Carnarvon. It was originally built
by Arnulf de Montgomery at the end of the 11th cent., but the
buildings of the outer ward were not added till the 14th century.
Henry VII. was born at Pembroke Castle in 1466. In the Civil War
it was taken by Cromwell after a siege of six weeks. The Gateway,
with its slender flanking turrets, is very imposing as seen from the
inside; and the Great Hall has a fine roof. At the other end is the
massive and lofty Norman Keep, with a domed roof. Climbers may
ascend the staircase with the aid of a rope, and will be repaid by
the *View from the top. From the hall a flight of steps descends to
a huge cavern in the living rock, one of the most striking features
of tho castle. A good view of the ivy-draped ruins is obtained from
the bridge, on the road to Pembroke Dock. A walk has also been
formed round the exterior of the castle, skirting the inlet of Mil¬
ford Haven on which it stands and passing the mouth of the above-
MonktonPkioby, an ancient Norman structure on the hill oppo¬
site the castle, somewhat resembles Dorchester Abbey (p. 229).
The Dec. choir, now roofless, formed the monks' church. To reach
t'ie priory from the castle we cross Monkton Bridge (to the S.) and
ascend to the right
Pembroke is the nearest railway - station to Stackpole Court, St. Gow¬
an's Head, and the Stack Rocks (comp. p. 221). The total round, return¬
ing by the direct road from the last, is about 17 M. Parties should take
luncheon with them, as no inns are passed. — From the station the
road leads to the S., passing St. Daniel's Church, on the top of the ridge,
to (3 M.) the entrance to the park of Stackpole Court, the seat of Earl
Cawdor, containing a few good pictures and a 'hirlas horn' (p. 304). The