to Derby. DROITWICH. 24. Route. 197
of an abbey-church, with a square tower of the 14th cent.; U'/a M. Flad-
bury, also with a fine church (Perp.). We then cross the Avon.
14 M. Evesham (Crown; Northwick, R. from 4s.; Railway), a small
town with 7101 inhab., in a fertile valley, celebrated for its orchards
and market-gardens. Here Prince Edward, afterwards Edward I., defeated
and slew Simon de Montfort in 1265; a small column stands on the spot
where the latter fell. Of Evesham Abbey, founded in the 8th cent., nothing
now remains except a dilapidated Norman archway. Adjacent is the fine
"Bell Tower (1533) which is visible from the train, above the trees to the
left, as we enter the station. Simon de Montfort was buried in the abbey,
but no memorial marks his resting-place. Within the churchyard arc the
churches of St. Lawrence and All Saints (fine fan-vaulting in both), both
erected by the monks of the abbey. — About 2 M. to the S.E. of Evesham
is the village of Wickhamford, the church of which contains the flat tomb
(near the altar) of Penelope Washington (d. 1697), bearing the Washington
arms. — Small steamers ply from Evesham to Tewkesbury.
19 M. Honeybourne is the junction of a line to Stratford-on-Avon (p. 258)
and of a new line to Cheltenham, open as far as (IS'/j M.) Winchcombe,
with its fine church, whence motor-omnibuses (fare Is. 3d.) ply to (7'.I.)
Cheltenham. This latter branch passes (5'/4 M.) Broadway (Lygon Arms,
R. from 4s., D. 3s. 6d., pens, from 10s. 6d.), a quaint little place, with in¬
teresting Elizabethan houses, and a resort of American artists and authors.
Coaches in summer to (16 M.) Cheltenham (p. 180; a beautiful drive over
the Colswolds; 5s.).
Near 25 M. Campden is Campden House, belonging to the Earl of Gains¬
borough. — The small hospital of (29 M.) Moreton-in-the - Marsh (White
Hart) claims to possess the chair used by Charles I. at his trial. Near
(34 M.) Adlestrop we pass, on the right, Daylesford House, once the seat
of Warren Hastings, who died here in 1818 and is buried in the churchyard.
The mansion-house at Adlestrop (Lord Leigh) is a fine Tudor edifice.
36 M. Chipping Norton Junction is the station for a branch to (4 M.)
Chipping Norton (White Hart; Blue Boar), with 3780 inhab., which has
woollen cloth and glove factories and a fine Perp. church. About 2 M. to
the N. are the Rollright Stones, the scanty remains of a stone circle like
Stonehenge. The branch goes on to Banbury (p. 253). — From the same
junction another line leads to the W. to Cheltenham and Gloucester (see
p. 190). About 5 M. from (39 M.) Shipton is Burford (Bull), with a fine
Norman and Perp. church containing several chapels (13-15th cent.), in
one of which Speaker Lenthall is buried. From Shipton, or from (40 M.)
Ascott-under-Wychwood, or from (44 M.) Charlbury, with a finely-situated
church, a visit may be paid to Wychwood Forest, a fine woodland district.
One mile to the S. of Charlbury is Cornbury Park.
Near (50M.) Handborough the train crosses the Evenlode, a tributary of
the Isis, the course of which has been followed from Moreton. From
(54l/i M.) Yarnton Junction a branch-line runs to Yfitney, Lechlade, and
Fairford (Bull); the last contains a fine church, with exquisite stained-
glass 'Windows, ascribed (wrongly) to Albrecht Diirer. — We now joi
the main G. W. line, and soon reach (57 M.) Oxford (p. 233).
On leaving Worcester the train threads a tunnel and passes
(67x/2 M.) Fernhill Heath. To the right is Westwood House, the
residence of Mr. A. F. Godson. — 71 M. Droitwich (Worcestershire
Brine Baths Hotel, R. from is. Gd., D. 5s., pens, from 10s. 6d.;
Raven, well spoken of, R. 5s., D. 4s. 6d., pens. 10s. 6d.; Park, R.
3s. 6d., D. 4s. 6d., pens. 9s.), a town with (1901) 4163 inhab., is
famous for Its brine springs.
The springs, which have their source 170 ft. below the surface of the
earth and contain 35-40 per cent of pure salt, were known to the Romans,
and are now again frequented by bathers, who find them efficacious in
rheumatism, gout, and similar ailments. Private bath ls.-2s. 6d.; swim¬
ming-bath 9d.-ls.; needle-bath 2s. 6d.; etc. Many thousand tons of salt are