LUDLOW. 23. Route. 189
(Eagle) and Presteign (Radnorshire Arms). —From (18 M.) Woofferton, where
we enter the valley of the Teme, a branch-line runs to the E. to Tenbury,
Bewdley (p. 196), and Kidderminster (p. 274). To the right rises Titter-
stone Clee (1780 ft.).
23 M. Ludlow (250 ft.; Feathers, R. from 4s., D. 3s. 6d.; Angel, R. 4s. 6d.,
D. 3s. 6d.), a very interesting town with 4552 inhab. and many fine old
wooden houses, is prettily situated at the confluence of the Teme and the
Corve. It was formerly the seat of the Lords President of Wales, whose
"Castle, still magnificent in decay (adm. 6d.), was built in the 12th cen¬
tury. Milton here wrote his lComus', to celebrate the appointment of the
Earl of Bridgewater to the office of Lord Marcher; and a great part of
Butler's 'Hudibras' was also written within its walls. The hall in which
'Comus' was 'presented' in 1634 is still in situ, and there are remains of
a circular Norman chapel. The "Collegiate Church of St. Lawrence, the
stately Perp. tower of which is conspicuous from the railway (to the left),
contains good stained glass and many interesting monuments. At one end
of Broad St. is the Butter Cross and at the other is the Lynney Gate, one of
the seven original town-gates. Near the castle is a Museum, with an ex¬
tensive collection of Silurian fossils. — Pleasant excursions may be made
from Ludlow to the Vignals (i M.; view), Bringewood Chase (3 M.; view),
Hay Wood, Downlon Castle, Wigmore Castle, Staunton Lacey (with a pre-
Norman church; 27a M. to the N.), etc.
31 M. Craven Arms (Craven Arms, R. or D. from 2s. 6d.; Slokes-iy Castle,
R.3s.6d., D.2s.6d.-4s.; Rail. Refreshmt. Rooms) is the junction for the Central
Wales Railway to Llandrindod, Swansea, Carmarthen., and Pembroke. To
the N.E. (right) another branch runs to (18 M.) Much Wenlock, (22 M.)
Coalbrookdale, and (23 M.) Wellington (p. 275). Much Wenlock (Gaskell
Arms; Raven) is a small tosvn with the fine ruins of a Cluniac "Priory,
which was founded in 1080 and exhibits an interesting mixture of Norman
and Gothic architecture. Below the quaint Guildhall are the ancient whip¬
ping-posts. A third branch runs to the left to Bishop's Castle. About 1 M.
to the S. of Craven Arms is "Stokesay Castle (13th cent.), surrounded by
a moat, one of the finest castellated mansions in England.
Farther on, the line runs parallel with Watling Street. To the right
are the Stretton Hills (1675 ft.). Beyond (38 M.) Church Stretton (650 ft.;
Church Strettnn Hotel, R. 5s., D. 4s., well spoken of), with an interest¬
ing church (partly Norman), a quaint, market-hall, and manufactories of
mineral water, we pass three unimportant stations and reach —
51 M. Shrewsbury, see p. 275.
From Hereford to Malvern and Worcester and to Newport and Cardiff,
see R. 25; to Brecon and Swansea, see R. 27.
24. From Bristol to Gloucester, Cheltenham, Wor¬
cester, Birmingham, and Derby.
Midland Railway (no second class) to (37 M.) Gloucester in 3/i"l hr.
(fares 5s., 3s. Id.); to (437-2 M.) Cheltenham in 1-2 hrs. (fares 5s. 10d., 3s.7d.);
to (6572 M.) Worcester in li/a-2 hrs. (fares 8s. 8d., 5s. 572d.); to (9072 M.)
Birmingham in 274-472 hrs. (fares 12s. 4d., 7s. V/zd.); to (135 M.) Derby in
374-43/i hrs. (fares 18s., 10s. 107-2d.). — Travellers by this line may also book
through to Manchester (5-63/4 hrs.; 24s. Id., 13s. 6d.), Liverpool (572-73Ahrs.;
24s. 7d., 13s. 872d.), Edinburgh (lO-lOV* hrs.; 56s., 30s. lOT-d.), and Glasgow
(10-1174 hrs.; 58s. 6d., 30s. 57^.).
Bristol, see p. 118. — 3 M. Fish Ponds; 33/4 M. Staple Hill. — At
(5 M.) Mangotsfield our line unites with that from Bath. — IOL/4 M.
Yate, 6 M. to the E. (right) of which lies Badminton (p. 202).
From Yate a branch-line (fares Is. Id., lllid.) diverges to (Tfi M.)
Thornbury (Swan), with a fine cruciform church and a large Tudor castle,
built by the Duke of Buckingham in 1511, but never finished.