188 Route 23. HEREFORD.
A brass-plate on the wall of the bishop's garden, in Gwynne St. (for¬
merly Pipe Lane), marks the site of the birthplace of Nell Gwynne (1650-91),
'foundress of Chelsea Hospital'.
From the Cathedral Close Castle St. leads to the S.E. to Castle
Green (PL C, 4) , a pleasant public park on the river, occupying
the site of the outer ward of the now vanished castle (comp. p. 186).
In the centre rises a column to the memory of Lord Nelson (PL 4),
and to the N. is the Castle Pool, a relic of the moat.
We may now return to the centre of the town via St. Owen St.
(PL D, C, 3), passing the Shire Hall (PL C, 3), opposite which is
a Statue of Sir George Cornewall Lewis (1806-63; M.P. for Here¬
fordshire, 1847-52), and St. Peter's Church (PL C, 3), containing
14 oaken stalls of the 15th century.
From High Town (see p. 186) Widemarsh. St. leads to the N. to
(i/3 M.) Coningsby Hospital (PL C, 2; small fee to the 'corporal'),
a neat little building (1614) for old soldiers and servants, on the
site of a commandery of the Knights Templar, of which a Norman
archway still remains. It is also known as the Black Cross Hospital,
from the ruins of a priory of Black Friars in the garden. The most
striking of these relics is the *Proaching Cross. The Raven Inn,
near the beginning of Widemarsh St., is pointed out as the birth¬
place of David Garrick (1716-79). — Another walk may be taken
westwards from High Town through High St. and Eign St., across
the railway bridge, and along Whitecross St. (PL A, 2) and White-
cross Road to (i1^ M.) the White Cross, erected in the 14th cent.
to commemorate the cessation of the Black Death (1349).
Hereford is a fairly good centre for excursions, of which those up
and down the Wye are the first to suggest themselves. In both directions
the pedestrian or cyclist will meet with much characteristic English river-
scenery, and numerous small but comfortable inns make it a comparatively
easy matter to extend the walk in the one direction to Ross, Monmouth,
or Chepstow (comp. p. 182 et seq.), or in tbe other to Hay, Builth, or
Rhayader (comp. pp.213,214). The boating trip down the Wye is sometimes
begun here, with nights spent at Ross and Moumouth (comp. p. 182 ; fare
to Chepstow about 35s.; Harry Jordan recommended as boatman). — Among
other places of interest within tbe compass of a day's excursion are Leo¬
minster (see below); Malvern (p. 189); tbe Black Mts. (p. 201); Dinedor Hill,
a Roman camp 3 M. to the S. (view); Holme Lacy, 4 M. to the S.E. (p. 185);
Kilpeck Church, 772 M. to the S.W., with grotesque Norman sculptures (see
p. 201); St. Ethelberl's Camp, 6 M. to tbe S.; and Tewkesbury (p. 182).
From Hereford to Shrewsbury, 51 M., railway in 65 min.-2 hrs. (8s.
6d., 5s. id., is. 3d.). — The train traverses rich pasture-land, pen¬
etrates Dinmore Hill, 'a specula to see all the country about' (Leland), by
a tunnel (3/i M.), and passes several unimportant stations. — 13 M. Leo¬
minster, pronounced Lemster (Royal Oak, R. 4s., D. 3s. 6d.; Talbot, R.
3s. 6d., I>. 3s.; Rail. Rfmt. Rooms), an ancient town with 5826 inhab.,
derives its name from a nriory founded here in the 7th century. The
"Church of SS. Peter and Paul (restored 1866-91), one of the finest parish-
churches in the country, exhibits features of all the principal architectural
styles from Norman to Perpendicular (fine_ ball-flower ornamention). It
contains an ancient ducking-stool (comp. p. 254). Other interesting buildings
are the Clarke Alms Houses (1736 ; rebuilt 1874) and the former Market House
(1634), removed in 1853 from the middle of the town to the pleasure-
grounds known as The Grange. A branch-line runs hence to New Radnor