82 Route 11. SOUTHAMPTON. Steamers.
hurst a light railway runs to (3 M.) Lee-on-the-Solent (hotels), a small sea¬
side resort with an iron pier, whence a steam-launch plies in summer to
Stokes Bay and Portsmouth. — 13 M. Gosport Road. — At (14 M.) Stokes
Bay the trains run alongside the steamers for Ryde (!/« hr.'s passage).
76 M. Swathling ; 77 M. St. Denys ; 78 M. Northam.
79 M. Southampton. — Hotels. 'Sooth Western Hotel (PI. a; C,5),
a large house at the terminus, R. 4s., D. 5s.; "Radley's (Pl.b; C,5), opposite
the station, 11. from 4s., D. from 3s.; Polygon House (PI. c; A, 2), pens.
from 9s. per dav, in the upper part of the town; Dolphin (PI. d; B, 4)
II. 5s., D. 3s. 6d., Royal (PI. e; B, 3). R. or D. 4s., Star (PI. f; B, 4), Crown
(Pl.ti; B,4), all in High St.; Pier (PI.h; A,B,5), on the Quay. — Flower's
I PI. i; B, 5), Queen's Park (R. 3s. 6d.), Central, W. Shore (R. 2s. 6d.), two
temperance hotels; Goodridge's, Railway, near the station.
Restaurants. Bargate, Suisse, High St.; Rail. Refreshment Rooms.
Cabs. Per mile Is., for each addit. '/< M. 3d.; per lft hr. Is. 6d., 3/i hr.
2s., 1 hr. 2s. 6d., each addit. >/i hr. 6d. With 2 horses is. 6d., 4d., 2s.,
2s. 6d., 3s., 8d. —■ Luggage, conveyed by barrow-porter from the hotels
or station to the docks: '/a cw*. (66 lbs.) 6d., 1 cwt. Is., 2 cwt. Is. Gd., 3 cwt.
2s.; small parcel 3d., two or more parcels, 2d. each.
Electric Tramway from the Terminus through High St. and Above
Bar to the Park, and thence on the left to Shirley and on the right to
Portswood (2d. or 3d.). — Floating Bridge (PI. D, 4) across the Itchen to
Itchen and Woolston. ■—• Coaches to the New Forest in the season.
Steamers. From the Outer Dock (PL C, D, 5): to the Channel Islands,
see It. 12; to London, thrice a week; to Havre (London to Paris service),
daily at midnight; to St.Malo, every Tues., Thurs., and Sat.; to Cherbourg,
every Tues., Thurs., and Sat. at midnight. — From the Royal Pier (PL A,5):
to the Isle of Wight, see R. 10; to Southsea and Portsmouth, several times
daily. — From the Town Pier (PI. A, B, 5, 6): to Hythe, several times daily;
to Cork, Liverpool, and Glasgow, once a week; to Plymouth, Falmouth, and
Dublin, twice a week. — Empress Dock (PI. C, 6) is the starting-point, of
the passenger steamers of the American Line to New York (every Sat. at
noon; see p. xviii) and of the mail-packets to S. America, the West Indies,
and the Cape of Good Hope. — The tenders for the steamers of the North
German Lloyd (to and from New York) and the Union-Castle Line (for the
Cape) start from the Prince of Wales Pier (PI. C, 4).
Post and Telegraph Office (PI. B, 4), High Street.
American Consul, Col. Albert Swalm; vice-consul, Rich. Jones, Esq. —
American Express Co., 3 Canute Road.
Theatres. Grand (PI. B, 3), West Marlands; Hippodrome (Pl.B, 3), Ogle
Road, Above Bar; Palace (Pl.B,3; varieties), Above Bar St. —Philharmonic
Hall (PI. B, 3), Above Bar St., for concerts, etc.
Swimming Baths (PI. A,3) on the W. shore, at the foot of Manchester St.
Railway Stations. Terminus or Docks Station (PI. C, 5), near the Docks
and about '/d. from the High St.; Southampton West (P1.A,3), at theW. end
of the town, for main-line trains to Bournemouth, Weymouth, and the West.
Southampton, the second town of Hampshire, with (1901)
104,911 inhab., is beautifully situated on Southampton Water, be¬
tween the river Itchen on the E., and the Test or Anton on the W.
The town was already in existence at the time of the Saxons, and it
is said that here Canute the Dane gave the famous rebuke to his flattering
courtiers. After the Conquest the town carried on a considerable traffic
with Venice, Bordeaux, and Bayonne. In 1189 Southampton was the place
of embarkation of the Crusaders under Richard Cceur-de-Lion; and later,
in 1345 and 1415 respectively, it saw the armies of Edward III. and
Henry V. take ship for the invasion of France. Philip of Spain, consort
of Queen Mary, landed here in 1554, and Charles I. resided here for a
considerable time. — The main body of the Pilgrim Fathers, who had
been living in Holland, left Delfthaveu, in July, 1620, in the 'Speedwell',
which l>rought them to Southampton. Here they found tbe 'Mayflower',