SPORTS AND PASTIMES.
those at North Berwick, Gullane, Luffness, Prestwick, Campbeltown, Troon,
Dornoch, Islay, Carnoustie, etc. Among the best English links are those at
Sandwich, Hoylake, Westward Ho, Rye, Yarmouth, Ganton, Hythe, Sheringham,
Crouhorough, Woking, Alnmouth, Huntercombe (Henley), etc. Comp. the Golfing
Annual (Field Office, London).
Lack of space forbids more than a mere mention of the following sports
and pastimes, all more or less popular in England: Polo, Archery, Football,
Hockey, Tennis, Croquet, Otter Hunting, and La Crosse.
Motoring (communicated by Mr. H. A. T. Moroney, of the Touring
Department of the Automobile Club). Motor-cars and motor-cycles, which
are admitted to the United Kingdom without any customs formalities,
must be registered at once (car 20s., cycle 5s.) and official numbers ob¬
tained for them. Drivers, whether amateur or paid, must hold licences
also (5s. annually). The Town Clerks (address 'Town Hall') of Liverpool,
Southampton, Canterbury (the nearest for motorists landing at Dover or
Folkestone), and various other towns issue the necessary application-
forms, which may be applied for by post. Licences may be obtained
also from the Clerk to the County Council, County Council Offices, at
London, Edinburgh, Perth, Aberdeen, Dublin, Belfast, etc. It is most
important to carry the licences on the car; they must be shown to any
police officer on demand. The registered number allotted must be shown
on the front and on the back of the motor vi-hicle, and must be illumi¬
nated at night. Number-plates of the regulation size can be made by
almost any coach builder or motor agent.
An annual Inland Revenue Licence, also, which may be obtained at
any post-office, must be taken out within 21 days for each motor-car
(2 or 4 guineas according to size) or motor-cycle (15s.), and for each paid
driver (lus.). Licences for motor vehicles used on or after 1st Oct. are
issued at reduced rates. Many motorists visiting the country for a short
time only do not take out. Inland Revenue Licences but, strictly speaking,
they are liable to a heavy penalty.
A lamp must be carried on the extreme right of every car, showiug
a white light in front and a red light in the reverse direction. A second
lamp is required to illuminate the back number-plate. A bell or horn
must be carried. The rule of the road is to keep to the left and pass
on tbe right.
The speed limit is fixed at 20 31. per hr. Reckless driving or 'driving
to the common danger', irrespective of speed, is also an offence. Special
speed limits are enforced in certain towns, but in such cases notices
stating the limit must be erected (see below). Breaches of the law are
punished by fines, and in some ca>es by imprisonment.
Danger Signs. A hollow red triangle denotes dangerous corners,
cros-'-roads, or hills. .Special speed limits are denoted by a white circle,
with the limit stated below in figures. A solid red disc denotes a closed
road. All other notices are generally given on diamond-sbaped boards.
The roads in England and Wales are on the whole very good, 1he
chief drawbacks being the presence of high hedges and unexpected cross
roads. In Scotland the roads on the E. coast are good. A circular tour
round the coast of Scotland by motor car is impossible owing to the had
roads and the ferries, which often cannot carry cars, on the W. coast.
Comp. the remarks below, under 'Cycling'.
Petroleum spirit is obtainable without difficulty, except in the remoter
parts of Scotland. The average piice is Is. to Is. id. per gallon. Good
storage accommodation tor cars is available at the great majority of hotels,
the usual charge varying from Is. to 2s. 6(2. per night.
BIaps etc. Batholome'w's Road Map of England and Wales, in 37 sheets
(scale '/2 in. to 1 M.) price 2s. 6(2. per sheet mounted on linen. Smaller
scale (1 in. to 4 31.) in twelve sheets at same price. Scotland: 'The Safety
Road Map' («cale 10 in. to 1 M.), price Is. 6(2. mounted. Ireland: Bar¬
tholomew's Road Map complete in one sheet, price 2s. mounted. The
Contour Road Books show all practicable roads in profile and give notes
on the roads and mileages: England and Wales complete in 3 vols, prjce