Good mountain-climbing may be obtained in Wales, the Lake District,
and Scotland; though the experienced mountaineer will probably meet
with no serious difficulty unless he seek it. In misty or doubtful weather,
however, mountain-expeditions should never be attempted without a guide.
W. P. Haskett Smith's 'Climbing in the British Isles' ('England', 1894, 3s. 6(2.;
'Wales and Ireland', 1895, 2s. 6(2.) or John Barrow's 'Mountain Ascents in
Westmoreland, etc' will be found useful.
The first-class hotels in the principal towns, fashionable water¬
ing places, and most frequented tourist-resorts throughout England
and Wales are generally good and somewhat expensive; but in
many of the large commercial and industrial centres the require¬
ments of the 'uncommercial traveller' are very inadequately met.
When ladies are of the party, it is advisable to frequent the best
hotels, as the charges of the second-best are often not appreciably
lower, while the comforts are considerably less. Gentlemen
travelling alone, however, will often find comfortable accommo¬
dation at a moderate rate in smaller inns of quite unassuming
appearance. The large hotels managed by the principal railway
companies are generally excellent and may be safely selected in all-
cases of doubt. — The so-called Private Hotels have no license to
supply intoxicating liquors, but in other respects are often as com¬
fortable and as handsomely fitted up as the best licensed houses.
This is practically the only difference between them and the Tem¬
perance Hotels, which abound throughout the country. The charges
at the latter are moderate, but as a general rule their cuisine and
fitting up do not entitle them to rank higher than second-class.
The average charges in a first-class hotel are as follows: room, includ¬
ing attendance, 4s.-5s. 6d.; plain breakfast is. 6(2., with ham and eggs or
meat 2s.-2s. 6(2., with fish 2s. 6(2.-3s.; luncheon 2-3s.; afternoon-tea Is.;
table d'hote dinner 4-5s.; hot bath Is., cold bath in bedroom 6(2. As a
rule the price of dinner, whether table d'hote or a coffee-room dinner of
3-6 courses, may be approximately stated as equal to the charge for room
and attendance. No charge is made for lights. At many hotels it is custom¬
ary to supply breakfast and luncheon also on the tahle-d'hdte system, at
a charge of 2s. 6(2.-3s. The head-waiter, who presents the bill, and the
'boots' expect a gratuity when the visitor leaves; but the services of the
former are, strictly speaking, included in 'attendance'. — 'En pension'
terms (incl. board, lodging, and attendance) are not usually granted ex¬
cept for a stay of some days (in some cases not less than a week) and
visitors must intimate their desire for such terms immediately on tueir
arrival. At some of the fashionable spas (Harrogate, Buxton, etc.), however,
it is usual to make a fixed inclusive charge per day; and if visitors do
not wish to be tied down to the hotel-meals they should make a special
As compared with Continental hotels, English hotels may he said
as a rule to excel in beds, cleanliness, and sanitary arrangements, while
their cuisine is on the whole inferior. The English table-d'hote dinner is
usually dear and seldom so good as its prototype on the Continent; while the
culinary art of hotels off the beaten track of tourists scarcely soars beyond
the preparation of plain joints, steaks, chops, vegetables, and puddings.
Those, however, who are content with simple but substantial fare will
find little to complain of. Beer is the customary beverage (2-3(2. per
glass, 4-6(Z. per pint or tankard), but wine is more usual at fashionable