Passports are not necessary in England, though occasionally
useful in procuring delivery of registered and poste restante letters.
Custom House. Almost the only articles likely to be in the
possession of ordinary travellers on which duty is charged are spirits
and tobacco, but balf-a-pint of the former and 1/211[>. of the latter
(including cigars) are usually passed free of duty, if duly declared
and not found concealed. Passengers from the Channel Islands are
allowed only half these quantities. On larger amounts duty must
be paid at the rate of 10s. lOd. to 17s. 3d. per gallon of spirits and
2s. 8d. to 5s. per pound of tobacco. A small fine is also leviable
on packets of tobacco or cigars weighing less than 80 lbs.: but
quantities of 7lbs. from non-European ports or of 3lbs. from Euro¬
pean ports beyond the Straits of Gibraltar are passed without fine.
Foreign reprints of copyright English books are confiscated. The
custom-house examination is generally lenient. — Dogs are at
present allowed to land in Great Britain only on condition that they
remain isolated under the care of a veterinary surgeon for six mouths
after the date of landing.
Time. Uniformity of time throughout GreatBritain is maintained
by telegraphic communication with Greenwich Observatory.
II. Principal Routes to and from Great Britain.
The following times and fares are liable to alteration. On the
Atlantic steamers lower fares are charged during the winter-season
(Nov. 1st. to March 31st); children between 1 and 10 years of age
are generally charged half-fare (between 1 and 12 in the second
cabin). Return-tickets are issued at a reduction of 10 per cent
on the homeward portion of the fare. Comp. notes in Baedeker's
Routes to England from th. United States of America and from Canada.
Cttnard Line. A steamer of this company starts every Sat. and every
second Tues. from New York and every alternate Tues. from Boston for
Queenstown and Liverpool. Saloon-fare 75-175 dollars; second cabin 42l/2-57
dollars. Steamers from Liverpool for New York every Sat. and every second
Tues., for Boston every second Tuesday. Fare 12 501.; second cabin 9-15?.
— Office in Liverpool, 8 Water St.; in London, 93 Bishopsgate St., E.C.,
and 32 Cockspur St., S.W.
The five lines immediately following all belong to the International
Mercantile Marine Co. (the 'American Combine'), with combined offices at
27-30 James St., Liverpool, and at 1 Cockspur St., S.W., and 38 Leadenhall
St., E.C., London.
White Star Line. Steamer every Wed. and most Frid. from New York
to Queenstown and Liverpool. Saloon 75-175 dollars; second cabin 40-
50 dollars. From Liverpool to New York every Wed. and every second
Friday. Saloon 11-45*.; second cabin 9-17J.
American Line. Every Sat. from New York to Plymouth and South¬
ampton; saloon 75-175 dollars; second cabin from 45 dollars. From South¬
ampton to New York every Sat.; fare from 15i.; second cabin from 9Z. 10$.
Also, from Philadelphia to Liverpool, every Sat., and vice versd, every
Wed. (no first cubin ; second cabin from 8!. 10s. or 42 dollars).
Dominion Line. From Quebec and Montreal in summer, and from
Halifax and Portland in winter, to Liverpool every Sat.; returning from
Liverpool every Thursday. Saloon 11-20J.; second cabin 8-142.