Ryks Muséum. AMSTERDAM. 40. Route. 285
large and fine work by N. Maes, Old woman saying grâce), casts,
physical and mathematical instruments, a library, a reading-room,
an observatory, and a handsome concert-room. Fee 25-50 c.
On the S. side of Amsterdam, as has already been remarked at
p. 277, there has arisen an entirely new quarter, with numerous
handsome buildings. Among thèse is the Paleis voor Volksvlyt
(PI. F, 5) in the Frederiksplein, a glass and iron structure by Cor¬
nelis Outshoom, erected as a hall for exhibitions, concerts and
theatrical performances (see p. 274). The elliptical dôme, 190 ft.
in height, is surmounted by a statue of Victory, 23 ft. high, by the
Belgian sculptor Jaquet. The large hall can contain 12,000 visitors.
Behind the Paleis is a large garden, containing a covered *Gallery,
with shops, etc., much frequented by promenaders. — The Hooge
Sluis (PI. F, 5), commanding pretty views on both sides, leads
hence to the Rhenish Station (p. 273).
Beyond the Singel-Gracht, which until about 20 years ago, un¬
der the name of Buiten-Singel, formed the outer limit of the
city, rises the new —
*Eyks Muséum (PI. D, E, 6), an imposing building covering
nearly 3 acres of ground, erected in 1877-85 from the plans of P.J.
H. Cuypers in the so-called Early Dutch Renaissance style, retain-
ing numerous Gothic and Romanesque features. The principal fa¬
çade is turned towards the Stadhouderskade. The sculptures with
which it is adorned are by Frans Termeylen of Louvain and Bart
van Hove of Amsterdam. The exterior is also ornamented with
mosaic décorations in painted and glazed tiles, designed by Prof.
Sturm and representing the principal figures and events in the his¬
tory of Netherlandish art. The muséum is surrounded with
pleasure grounds and enclosed by a tasteful wrought-iron railing.
The central gable of the Principal Façadb is surmounted by a statue
of Victory. The alto-relief above the archway, 23 ft. in length, contains
an allegorical figure of the Netherlands, surrounded by Wisdom, Justice,
Beauty, and Truth, and receiving'the homage of the Dutch artists. To
the right of the central group are the architects Eginhard (p. 346), Jan
ten Doem (p. 339), and Keldermans (p. 125) and to the left, the sculptor
Klaas Sluter and the early painters Dirk Bouts and Lucas van Leyden ;
to the extrême right are Rembrandt and his contemporaries, to the ex¬
trême left the more modem masters. The reliefs at the sides are alle¬
gorical représentations of the arts of Painting and Drawing (to the right),
and Architecture and Sculpture (to the left). The two niches between
thèse reliefs are occupied by allegorical statues of Art and History.
The reliefs above the Windows refer to the founding of the new Muséum.
Above, on the pediment, are allegorical statues representing Inspiration
and Industry. Below, at the entrances to the right and left of the
archway, are statues representing Architecture and Sculpture, Painting
The figures in coloured tiles symbolize the Dutch towns and provinces,
with Amsterdam, the Hague, Haarlem, Leyden, Delft, Dordrecht, and
Rotterdam in the centre, as the most celebrated nurseries of art.
Passing through the vaulted and colonnaded passage, we reach the South
Façade of the Muséum, which is elaborately ornamented with eneaustic
painting. Above the archway is a représentation of Rembrandt, surrounded
by his pupils, painting the 'Staalmeesters' (p. 301); to the right, Bishop