to Assiût. EL-KUSÎYEH. 16. Route. 223
animais. To the left (i.e. on the left part of the entrance-wall and be¬
tween the doors on the rear wall) the king's non-Egyptian subjeets, ne¬
groes, and Asiatics in their distinctive costume, worship the sun. In
the lower row on the right part of the entrance-wall we see the deceased
princess on the bier, beside which stand the king and queen and pro¬
fessional mourners ; in the upper row the royal pair, the nurse with a little
princess, and the mourners loudly lament the deceased. The Second Room
(PI. i) contains no représentations. On the rear wall of the Third Room
(PI. *) the mummy of the princess is shown (on the left) standing under
a canopy, while in front of it the royal family and court are mourning.
This scène is continued on the right wall. On the left wall we see the
mummy lying below the same canopy; in front is the mourning royal
family, while farther to the right is the nurse with a young princess at
her breast. On the entrance-wall are mirrors, spoons, boxes, and other
objects with which the tomb was fumished (much injured). — We return
to the steps at d. Nearer the entrance a Corridor (PI. 0 leads to the left
to a sloping Passage (PI. m) ending in an unfinished Chamber (PI. n).
In the hills enclosing the plain of Tell el-'Amarna there are
numerous quarries of limestone and alabaster. The most important
are the Alabaster Quarries of Het-nub, to which a path running east-
wards to the S. of the S. group of tombs leads. Thèse quarries are
ascertained from numerous inscriptions to hâve been worked under
the Ancient Empire and at the beginning of the Middle Empire.
We next reach (193 M.) El-Hâwata, on the E. bank, with an
entirely destroyed palace of Amenophis IV. In the neighbourhood
are several rock-inscriptions, defining the boundaries of his holy
district (p. 216).
On the W. bank lies the village of Deirût (rail, stat., p. 203).
The boat now passes between the islands of Gezîret el-Hûwata,
on the E., and Gezîret el-Mandâra, on the W. The arm of the Nile
known as the Bahr Yûsuf (Joseph's Canal ; p. 186) hère diverges
from the Ibrâhîmîyeh Canal (p. 225) on the W. bank.
The Arabian Mts., rising in precipitous rocky walls, approach
the river. Swallows, ducks, and other birds inhabit the caves in
the porous rock on the banks, and fly in and out in screaming
crowds. The cliffs on the right bank of this part of the Nile are
known as Gebel Abu Feida. The stream below them is considered
the most dangerous part of the channel between Cairo and Assuân.
Violent winds blow round the crags, and numerous sand-banks
impede navigation. Near Ed-Deir and El-Kuseir (on the E. bank)
aTe several rock-tombs, without inscriptions, dating chiefly from
the Ancient Empire, and also some ancient quarries.
On the W. bank, 3 M. from the river, lies El-Kusîyeh (rail.
station at Nazâli Ganûb, p. 203), now an insignificant town with
7200 inhab., the ancient Cusae, in which, according to iElian, Venus
Urania and her cow (i.e. Hathor, the mistress of heaven) were
worshipped. It was known to the ancient Egyptians as Gôsu and
was capital of the Lower Sycamore Nome. — About 5 M. to the E.
of Nazâli Ganûb lies Meir, a thriving village with 6000 inhab.;
and about 472 M. from Meir is the necropolis of Gôsu, where