to Assiût. DEIR EN-NAKHLEH. 16. Route. 215
Tomb 2, belonging to Thuti-hotep, son of Kaï, prince of the
nome in the reigns of Amenemhêt IL and Sesostris IL and III.
We ascend the old path ascending the hill to the left at the mouth
of the valley, but before reaching the top diverge to the right by
another path. This tomb is constructed in the same way as the
tombs at Benihasan. The Vestibule, originally supported by two palm
columns, has fallen in. A door leads hence to the Inner Chamber,
the walls of which were embellished with reliefs, now partly de-
stroyed. On the Left Wall is a scène representing the transport-
ation of a colossal statue of the deceased from the quarries of Het-
nub (p. 223) to a temple. The inscription informs us that the
statue was of alabaster and 13 ells (21 ft.) in height. It is securely
fastened with ropes upon a wooden sledge, which is drawn by four
rows with 43 workmen in each. A priest précèdes the statue scatter-
ing incense. On the prow of the sied stands a man pouring water
on the ground to prevent the heavily loaded sied from taking fire
by friction; and on the lap of the figure is another man clapping
his hands, probably the leader and time-giver of the song of the
workmen, whose task was facilitated by rhythmical movement.
Below are other workmen carrying water and a beam ; and behind
the statue are foremen and other officiais. At the top are companies
of people with branches in their hands, hastening to meet the
procession. To the extrême left stands Thuti-hotep, followed by
his body-guard, observing the unusual spectacle. — On the Right
Wall is a représentation of the entrance to the temple intended for
the statue, and named 'The popularity of Thuti-hotep remains in
the Hare Nome' ; below, to the left, the deceased appears again
beside a fowling-net; to the right he inspects his ships and herds.
The représentations on the other walls of this tomb are much in-
jured. Rear Wall At the top of the left half are the deceased and his son
capturing wild-fowl with a clap-net; in the second row is a fishing-scene;
in the three next rows crânes and geese are being fattened, fish are being
prepared, and geese are being slaughtered, plucked, and hung upon pôles ;
in the lowest row are servants bearing fish and other food. On the right
half appears the deceased receiving the fish and fowl that bave been
captured. — Right Wall. Various industries carried on on the estate of the
deceased are hère shown: tillage, pottery, vintage, vine-treading; below
are the daughter of the deceased, smelling lotus-flowers, and his body-
guard; also four men carrying a litter. — Four steps lead hence to the
Chamber in which stood the deceased's statue; on the rear wall of this
are the deceased and his father Kaï, facing each other.
Below the rock-tombs are Tombs of the Ancient Empire, Shaft
Tombs of the Middle Empire, and numerous tombs of the Ptolemaic
period, ail of which, however, hâve been opened. Opposite, on the
S. side of the valley, is a large Quarry, which, according to a now
defaced inscription, yielded stone in the first year of Amenophis III.
for the temple at Hermopolis. Farther up the valley are quarries
of the time of Nektanebos.
On the W. bank, 1 M. from the Nile, is the town of Melâwi el-'Arîsh
(Mallaoui; rail, station, p. 203).