RÔDA. 16. Route. 213
(comp. p. 232). In the rear wall opens a recess containing the
statues (much dilapidated) of the deceased and his wife and mother.
Right Wall (S.). To the left the deceased is seated at table with
sacrificial gifts heaped before him ; priests and servants bring food
and other offerings for the dead ; below, the slaughtering and cut¬
ting up of sacrificial animais. To the right is Hetpet, wife of
Ameni, also seated at table and receiving sacrificial gifts.
If time permit, some of the other tombs also should be visited, the
most interesting being the following: Tomb 4, that of Khnemhotep, son of
the Khnemhotep buried in Tomb 3. In the vestibule stands a 'Proto-
Doric column-, the tomb-chamber was unfinished. — Tomb 5, unfinished.
— Tomb 14, of Khnemhotep, a nomarch under Amenemhêt I. In the
tomb-chamber are two plant-columns (unfortunately broken) ; the wall-
paintings are interesting but sadly faded. On the rear wall appear sol¬
diers and a caravan of Libyans, with their wives and children and herds,
who visited the province of the deceased; the men are distinguished
by the ostrich-feathers in their hair, the women carry their children in
baskets on their backs. — Tomb 18, though unfinished, is interesting, as
the process of hollowing out the tomb-chamber may be traeed. The
pavement in the front of the chamber is not fully excavated; and at
the back are ten lotus-columns with closed bud-capitals, of which five
(still unfinished) remain. — Tomb 21, of Nakht, nomarch of the gazelle-nome
under the 12th Dyn., resembles No. 15 (p. 210) in its arrangement. —
Tomb 23, of Nelernakht, nomarch of the E. districts, with uninteresting
wall-paintings ; on the E. wall is a Coptic inscription. — Tomb 27, of
Remushenti, nomarch ofthe gazelle-nome. — Tomb 28, with two columns,
was converted into a church in the Christian period. — Tomb 29, ol Beket,
nomarch of the gazelle-nome. The doors opening into the adjoining Tombs
28 and 30 were made by the Copts. The wall - paintings are in com-
paratively good préservation, but offer no novel point of interest; the
dwarfs following the deceased, on the W. half of the S. wall, may perhaps
he mentioned. — Tomb 33, of Beket, prince of the gazelle-nome, son of the
Beket interred in No. 29 ; several wall-paintings. — Tombs 34-39 were left
On the slope below the tombs of the grandees are numerous smaller
tombs of the Middle Empire in which officiais and persons of lower rank
were interred. Thèse were excavated in 1902-1904 by Mr. Garstang.
To the S. of Benihasan, on the E. bank, are some rock-tombs
dating from the end of the Ancient Empire.
176 M. Rôda (railway-station, p. 202; accommodation may be
heard of at the station), a considérable place (5000 inhab.) on the
W. bank, with post and telegraph offices and a large sugar-factory.
About 4 M. inland (W.) from Rôda, between the Bahr Yûsuf
(p. 225) and the Nile, near the village of Ashmunein, lie the ruins
of the once famous city oiKhmunu (Coptic Shmun), the Hermopolis
of the Greeks, which from a very remote period was the chief seat
of the worship of Thout, the god of writing and science. This town
was also the capital of the nome of hares, in Upper Egypt, whose
princes under the Middle Empire were buried on the E. bank of
the Nile at El-Bersheh (see p. 214). Little now remains of the
extensive temples of the ancient city.
Several granité columns, probably belonging to the colonnade of the
Greek Agora, are still standing. Adjoining the small house of the Egyptian
officiai in charge of the antiquities are the remains of a temple of the