to Assiût. BENIHASAN. 16. Roule. 211
(S.). The deceased, in front of whom (in the upper row) are men
drawing a shrine containing a statue of the dead ; in front are fe¬
male dancers and attendants bearing ornament3, etc., for the statue ;
peasants bringing their flocks and herds; peasants forcibly brought
to testify as to taxes, while scribes note down the amounts ; potters
with wheels ; men carrying slaughtered birds ; men gambling.
Tomb 3 is that of Khnemhotep, the son of Neheri, a scion of a
princely family with hereditary jurisdiction over the gazelle-nome
and over the E. districts, the capital of which was Monet-Khufu.
Khnemhotep was invested. by King Amenemhêt IL with the latter
districts and married a daughter of the governor of the dog-nome
(Cynopolis, p. 207), which was inherited by a son of this marriage.
The Vestibule, which formerly stood behind ail open court, is
borne by two columns with sixteen edges and tapering towards
the top. The cornice projects considerably above the architrave
and is ostensibly supported by fine laths, hewn, like ail the rest of
the structure, out of the living rock. The resemblance of thèse laths
to the mutules of the Doric order is worthy of mention.
The Main Chamber was divided by two pairs of columns into
three slightly vaulted sections. Most of the scènes were painted on
a thin layer of stucco, with which the limestone walls were coated.
At the foot is a long inscription eut in the rock, in vertical lines of a
greenish colour, 2 '^ft. high, containing the above interesting excerpt
from Egyptian provincial history. In 1890 the royal names were eut
out of the rock by some vandal hand, and the paintings hâve also
unfortunately suffered so much in the last 30 or 40 years, that the
subjects of some of them are now almo3t indistinguishable.
Entrance Wall (W.). Over the door we see the statue of the
deceased being transported to the temple, preceded by female
dancers in curious attitudes ; below is the deceased, watching car-
penters at work. To the Left (N.) of the door is the estate-office of
the deceased, with servants weighing silver, measuring grain, and
briiiging corn into the barus, while scribes seated in a colonnaded
hall register the amounts. The next two rows show the opérations
of breaking up the ground, ploughing, harvesting, and threshing
with cattle. In the fourth row is a Nile-boat, bearing the mummy
ofthe deceased to Abydos (the grave of Osiris; comp. p. 232). In
the flfth row is a représentation of the vintage and of the gathering
of figs and growing of vegetables. The cattle in the water and the
fishing scène (at the foot) depict life by the river. — N. Wall (to
the left on entering). At the top is the deceased hunting in the
désert. Below, to the right, he is represented on a large scale in¬
specting various proceedings in his province. In the third row from
the top two of his officiais introduce to him a Caravan of Asiatic»,
including men, women, and children, clad in gaily-coloured foreign
garments and accompanied by their goats and asses. The sharply
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