Resorts. I. PRELIMINARY INFORMATION.
58 per cent by day (8 a. m. to 6 p. m.) and 80 per cent at night
(8 p. m. to 6 a. m.). Dew falls in winter on about two nights out
of three. At both Mena House and Helwân the prevailing winds and
the amount of rain are probably much the same as in Cairo. The
purity of the air at both places is marked. — The médical and sani-
tary arrangements aTe excellent; and there is a résident nurse under
the orders of the physician who résides there.
Helwân (p. 164), 14 M. to the S. of Cairo and 3 M. from the
cultivated land, is 115 ft. above the river. The mean maximum
température is 70° in Dec, 67° in Jan., 73° in Feb., and 76° in
March. The mean minimum for thèse four months is 50°. The
daily range of température is hère also 21°. Dbw rarely falls. The
relative humidity from Dec. to Mardi is 47 per cent by day, 66 per
cent at night. — Helwân has the advantage of being in the désert in
a pure atmosphère. It also has warm natural springs of three kinds:
viz. sulphuTated, carbonated iron, and saline water, each of which is
richer in natural constituents than the corresponding springs at Aix-
les-Bains, Harrogate, Buxton, etc. The cases suitable for the baths
hère are such as would dérive benefit from hydro-therapeutic treat-
ment as carried on at Harrogate, Bath, Aix, etc. A large Bath Es¬
tablishment has been erected hère, and there is also a well-equipped
Sanatorium (Al Hayat, see p. 164). Two English physicians and a
trained English nurse are résident at Helwân.
Luxor (p. 248) is situated418M. to the S. of Cairo, in the Theban
plain and on the right bank of the river. The prevailing winds are
N.W. and N., as in the whole country, but the force of the wind is
probably less than at any of the other stations in Egypt. The mean
maximum température is 76° in Dec, 74° in Jan., 78° in Feb., and
85° in March. The mean minimum for thèse four months is 50°. The
relative humidity is 41 per cent by day, 64 per cent at night. Dew
falls about every third night in Jan. ; it rarely falls in other months.
In the W. Désert near Luxor dew very rarely falls, and the mean of
the relative humidity for the four months is 43 per cent only, day
and night. — In addition to the advantage of its warm and dry cli¬
mate, with less wind than other stations, Luxor has an almostinex-
haustible interest in its numerous antiquities, temples, and tombs.
It has good hôtels, two European physicians, and a résident nurse.
— The température is 6-8° warmer than at Mena House and Helwân.
The importance of the extra warmth of Upper Egypt must not be
lost sight of, in cases where it is imperative that the action of the
skin should be at its highest level — especially as with this warmth
a bracing effect is obtained from the dryness of the air.
Assuân (p. 348), situated at the First Cataract, also on the right
bank of the river, is the dryest of the Egyptian health-resorts and
may be specially recommended in winter, when N. Egypt is often
decidedly chilly. The prevailing winds are, as at Luxor, N.W. and
N. in winter. The mean maximum température is 78° in Dec. and