I. PRELIMINARY INFORMATION. 3. Conveyances.
Steamers. The necessary information about the steamer-lines
between Europe and Egypt is given at pp. 1-4. For the Nile
steamers (to Upper Egypt), see p. 197; to 1 ower Nubia, see p. 373.
Railways. The officiai time-tables are published in the Indi¬
cateur des Chemins de Fer de VEgypte, which is sold l'or 20 mill. at the
chief railway-stations and tlie Cairo central telegraph office, and is
also to be seen in the larger hôtels (small édition, without the light
railways, 10 mill.). The railway-carriages resemble those of France
or ltaly. First-class passengers are permittetf to take a reasonable
quantity of small luggage with them into the carriages. The second
class carriages are comfortable enough for day-journeys on the main
routes (Alexandria to Cairo, Cairo to Mansûra, Cairo to Port Sa'îd or
Suez, Cairo to Assuân), especially by the express-trains; and their
use effects a saving of 50 per cent in fares. But on branch-lines
ail travellers should take flrst-class tickets. The third-class carriages
are quite unsuited for Europeans.
The trains run much more slowly than in Europe. The process of
booking luggage is very s'ow and truublesome. The traveller should
therefore be at the station fully half-an-hour before the hour for
starting. The personal tickets are printed in English and Arabie,
the luggage tickets in Arabie only. The luggage-taiiff is somewhat
complicated: hand-luggage up to 55 lbs. is free, provided there is
accommodation for it, but large tiunks must be registered and paid
for at 'grande vitesse' rates. A redu'ed tariff and cheap return
tickets are in use on the Lignes de Banlieue or suburban Unes (be¬
tween Cairo, Kalyûb, and the Barrage du Nil; between Cairo,
Matarîyeh, and El-Merg; between Suez and Suez Docks; between
Alexandria, Ramleh, and Abukîi). Return-tickets at a réduction
of 16 per cent on the double fare are also issued to and from the
larger stations. — In hot weather the dust, which pénétrâtes the car¬
riages even when tle Windows are closed, renders railway travelling
in Egypt exceedingly unpleasant. At the chief stations on the ex¬
press-routes theTe are Railway Buffets in the European style. At
other stations refreshmeuts are brought to the carriage-windows
(bargaining necessary; 3-5 oranges 1/^-l pias.). The water offered
for sale is better abstained from.
Narrow Gauge Railways. The Egyptian Light Railways cover
the Delta and the Fayûm (p. 186) with a network of lines, which,
though of little importance to the ordinary tourist, ênable the busi¬
ness man, the explorer, and the speeialist to reach various remote
points with comparative ease.
Electric Tramways ply in Alexandria, Cairo, and Port Sa'id.
They hâve two classes ; Europeans invariably patronize the first only.
The various omnibus-lines in Cairo are little used by foreiguers.
The Cabs (Arab. 'Arabh.eh) in the large towns are generally very
good. Notwithstanding t' -* officiai tariffs, advertised in the 'Indi-