I. Preliminary Information.
(1). Flan of Tour. Season. Expenses. Money. Equipaient.
Plan. The facilities for travel in Egypt are now such that the
intending visitor may make an outline of his tour at home with
almost as great ease as for most of the countries of Europe. During
the travelling season, moreover, the weather is always fine (comp.
below), and never causes disappointment and dérangement of plans
as in most other countries. A glimpse of the country may be ob-
tained in 4 or 5 weeks (exclusive of the journey out) as follows:
2-3 days may be devoted to Alexandria and the journey thence to
Cairo, 10-12 days may be spent in Cairo and its neighbourhood in
the manner suggested at p. 38, 3 days may be given to the Fayûm,
and 14 days or more may be devoted to Upper Egypt (railway to
Luxor or Assuân), while a few days must be set aside for resting.
Season. The best time for a tour in Egypt is between Nov. lst
and May lst. In Alexandria stormy and rainy weather very often
prevails from December to March, but in the interior of Egypt, to
the S. of a line joining Damanhûr, Tanta, and Mansûra, the case is
considerably altered. Even in the Delta, however, marked falls in
température (sometimes to 43° Fahr.) occur between the end of
November and the end of March, and rain-storms, rendering the
roads almost impassable, are not infrequent. In Cairo December,
January, and sometimes February are distinctly chilly, which is the
more inconvénient as there are no adéquate heating-arrangements
in the houses ; but November and March are very fine, as also
usually are October, April, and May, especially for travellers who
do not object to a little beat. In Upper Egypt, from the beginning
of November till the end of March, there are but few days of bad
weather (comp. p. xx); the prévalent température is that of a de-
licious spring or moderate summer. Those who intend to winter in
Egypt should spend November in Cairo, move on thence in December,
on the approach of cold weather, to Upper Egypt (Luxor, Assuân),
and return to Cairo in February. — In summer priées are naturally
Expenses. The cost of a tour in Egypt, and in Oriental coun¬
tries generally, is greater than that of a visit to most parts of Europe,
and the traveller should estimate his average daily expenditure at
not less than 25-30s. With modest requirements, however, it is pos¬
sible to live more cheaply. (Steamboat-fares are of course extra;
pp. 1-4.) The traveller whose time is very limited, or who is ac-
companied by ladies, will also require the services of a guide, or
'dragoman', as they prefer to style themselves (5-10*. per day).