282 Route 24. THEBES (W. BANK). 5. Temple of
(on a smaller scale). Rear Wall: Makere between Hathor and Ammon,
who holds the hieroglyph for 'life' before her face. Above the
entrances to the recesses (PL t, u), Makere and Thutmosis offer
milk and wine to Hathor.
We return hence to the Central Court and ascend the inclined
approach which brings us first to a much ruined Terrace, the roof
of which was borne by a double row of pillars and sixteen-sided
columns. A granite doorway here gives access to the —
Upper Court. The reliefs of a festive procession which adorned
this hall have suffered severely at the hands of the Coptic monks.
Turning sharp to the right (N.), we reach a door (PL x) admitting
to a Vestibule, which had three sixteen-sided columns. Opposite
the door is a small Recess (PL y), with representations of Queen
Makere in good preservation.
Rear Wall of the recess: Makere (erased) before Ammon. Side Walls :
Makere seated at table, with the priest En-metf in front of her. The figure
of the queen is uninjured, contrary to the usual practice ; but the priest's
figure was defaced by Amenophis IV.
To the left of the vestibule we enter an open Court, in which is
an *Altar, approached by ten steps, and dedicated by Makere to
the sun-god Re-Harmachis. It is one ofthe very few altars that have
come down to us from Egyptian antiquity on their original sites.
In the W. wall of this court is a small recess, 5-6 ft. in height, with
sacrificial scenes on the walls. The figure of Makere receiving the
offerings has been scratched out.
A door in the N. wall of this court admits to a Chapel, compris¬
ing two chambers, the ceilings of which, decorated with yellow
stars on a blue ground, are vaulted in the pointed style. With a
few unimportant exceptions the reliefs on the walls have been care¬
fully chiselled away by Thutmosis III. and Amenophis IV. On the
side-walls of the ist Chamber (PI. D) Makere offers sacrifices to var¬
ious deities, mainly deities of the dead, such as Anubis, Sokaris,
Osiris, Eme-wet, and also to Ammon. Above a bench against the
end-wall is a representation of Makere and Thutmosis I. before the
fetish of Eme-wet. 2nd Chamber. On the right wall: Thutmosis I.
(originally Makere) and his mother Senyseneb (with figures unin¬
jured), sacrificing to Amnion. On the left wall: Makere and her
mother Ahmes sacrificing to Ammon. On the end-wall: Makere and
On the S. side of the upper court are several chambers now in
ruins, and a well-preserved Sacrificial Hall, with a vaulted roof,
which was used for the cult of the manes of Makere and is adorned
To the right and left of the entrance: slaughter and cutting up of the
sacrificial beasts. On the side-walls are shown three rows of priests and
officials bringing sacrificial gifts to Makere, and above are three rows of
sacrificial objects of various kinds. Makere herself (effaced) is seated to
the right (left on the other wall), with a list of the offerings before her,