274 Route 24. THEBES (W. BANK). 4. Tombs
chapter of the 'Book of Portals', p. 263). The illustrations are con¬
tinued on the Left Wall, at the end of which appear the 4th gate
of the underworld and the beginning of the journey in the 4th
region. On the Right Entrance Wall and the Right Wall is the
journey through the 2nd region ofthe Underworld (2nd chapter of
the 'Book of the Portals'). On the Left Wall of the rear portion the
king is shown (lower row) offering a libation of wine to Harmachis.
The alabaster sarcophagus of the king, now in the Soane Museum
in London, stood in this part of the hall; the mummy, which was
hidden at Der el-bahri, is now in the Gizeh Museum (p. 80).
Farther on is the journey of the sun during the 1st hour of night
(1st chapter of the 'Book of that which is in the Underworld').
In the two Middle Rows we see (above) the boat of the sun, adorned in
front with a rug, and bearing the ram-headed sun-god, seven other gods,
and the 'mistress of the boat'. It is preceded by two goddesses of truth,
Osiris, the lion-headed Sekhmet, and other deities. Below in his boat is
the sun-god, in the form of a scarabaeus, worshipped by two figures of
Osiris ; in front are three serpents and several deities. In the Top and
Bottom Rows (representing the banks of the river) are small square panels,
containing representations of spirits in human and animal shapes (e.g.
baboons, fiery serpents), which greet the god on his entrance into the
lower world or drive away his foes.
In a Recess at the end of the left wall is the jackal-headed Anu¬
bis, performing the ceremony of the 'Opening of the Mouth' before
Osiris. — On the Rear Wall is the journey of the sun in the 2nd
hour of night (2nd chapter of the 'Book of that which is in the
Middle Row. In the boat of the sun the sun-god is accompanied by
Isis and Nephthys, in the form of Uraeus-serpents. In front of it are four
smaller boats, in one of which are three deities without arms, in the
second a crocodile with a human head upon its back, in the third (which
is decorated with two gods' heads) a sistrum, two goddesses, and a scara¬
baeus, and in the fourth (similarly adorned) a god holding a large ostrich
feather, the symbol of justice, and the moon upon a head-rest. Top and
Bottom Rows. Various spirits and daemons to protect the sun-god.
On the Right Wall is the sun's journey during the 3rd hour of night
(3rd chapter of the 'Book of that which is in the Underworld').
In the Middle Row is the boat of the sun, preceded by three smaller
boats. Four gods, with arms interlaced, approach to meet them. In the
Top and Bottom Rows spirits of various forms (a ram with a sword, five
daemons with birds' heads, etc.) greet the procession.
On the vaulted Ceiling are some interesting astronomical figures,
lists of the so-called decani-stars, constellations, etc.
Adjoining Room X are four side-chambers (PI. XI, XII, XIII,
and one without a number). Side Room XL The gate of the under¬
world and the sun's journey through the 3rd region (3rd chapter of
the 'Book of the Portals', p. 263). — Side Room XII. The interesting
text in this room contains a very ancient myth of a rebellion of
mankind against the sun-god, their punishment, and the final rescue
of the survivors. The scene on the rear-wall is an illustration from
this myth : the heavenly cow, supported by the god Show and other
spirits, with two boats of the sun floating on its back — Side