192 Route IS. MEIDUM.
361 M. Deshneh (Dechna; p. 225). — 365 M. Sama'.a. — 370 M.
Awldd 'Amr. On the left bank are the ruins of Dendera (p. 226).
380 M. Keneh (p. 225). — 39272 M. Kuft (Kift), the ancient
Koptos (p. 231). — 398 M. Kits. — 408 M. Khiz'im (p. 233). Ap¬
proaching Thebes, we pass the ruins of Karnak (on the right).
418 M. Luxor (p. 233); the station is to the S.E. of the village.
Travellers to Assuan change carriages and proceed by the narrow-
gauge line (p. 307).
18. From Cairo to Assiut by the Nile.
247 M. Toukist Steamboat in 4 days.
The quay to the S. ofthe Ka?r en-Nil bridge is the starting-place
of the steamers. To the left (E. bank) lie the palaces and gardens
of Cairo, the British Consulate General, the island of Roda, and
Old Cairo (p. 70), beyond which rise the Mokattam Mts., with the
citadel; on the W. are the Palace of Gizeh, with the museum, and
the Pyramids of Gizeh. ■— To the left (E. bank), farther on, are
the quarries and hamlets of Turra and Ma'sara (see p. 155). Oppo¬
site, on the W. bank, rise the pyramids of Abusir, Sakkara, and
Dahshur. Farther up, to the left, amidst a fine grove of palms, is a
Coptic convent, and adjacent is a still unfinished gun-factory.
The steamer remains for some hours at (14 M.) Bedrashen (rail.
stat., p. 189), where asses are kept ready for a visit to Memphis, Sak¬
kara, etc. (p. 130). Opposite, on the right bank of the Nile, lies the
village of Ileludn, and a little inland is the watering-place of that
name (p. 154). — On the bank at (31 M.) Kafr tl-'Aydt (W. bank;
rail, stat.), where the three-weeks tourist-steamer lays to for the
night, are some ancient constructions. The unimportant pyramids
of Lisht lie to the right; that to the N. is the tomb of Amenemhet I.
(12th Dyn.), that to the S. is the tomb of Usertesen I.
Rikka (Rekkah), on the W. bank, is the starting-point ofthe ex¬
cursion to the Pyramid and Mastabas of Meidum (asses may be pro¬
cured at the village ; 2 fr. and bakshish).
The Pikamid and Mastabas of Meidum deserve a visit, which may be
accomplished in about 6 hrs. (railway travellers may perform it in le~s
time from Eikka station; comp. p. 189). Crossing the railway, we proceed
on donkey-back in about l1/^ hr. to the pyramid, which rises close to the
cultivated country on the soil of the desert, I1/2 M. to the N. of the vil¬
lage of Meidum.
The Pyramid of Meidum, in ainprobability the tomb of Snofru, the
predecessor of Kheops, is so different from all the other structures of
the kind that it is called by the Arabs el-Ilaram el-kadddb, or the false
pyramid. It consists of three (originally seven) square towers, which rise
to a height of 121 ft. in thr^e smooth and steep stages at an angle of
74« 10'. The first section is C9 ft., and the second 20'/2 ft., while the third,
now almost entirely destroyed, was once 32 ft. in height. The outer walls
consist of admirably jointed and polished blocks of Mokattam stone. The
Pyramid of Meidum was pillaged as early as in the time of the 20th Dyn¬
asty. It was op;r.ed in 1881 by Maspero, who found a long corridor and
a chamber without sarcophagus. It was again carefully examined more