17. From Cairo to Luxor by Railway.
418 M. Kailwat in 14-15 hrs. (£ 2 E. 60, 11 E. 30, 41i/2 pias.); two
through-trains daily, with restaurant-cars by day and sleeping-cars by
night. So-called 'trains de luxe' also run in the season. Payment at the
station may be avoiued by previously buying vouchers at the agencies of
either Cook or Gaze, and exchanging them at the railway-station through
the dragoman of the agency — Passengers should be at the railway-station
early, as tlie processes of ticket-taking and luggage-weighing are by no
means expeditious. A time-table (Indicateur des Chemins de Fer) showing
the names of stations in French and giving distances in kilometres may
be bought at the ticket-office". Although there are buffets at the chief
stations, travellers are recommended to provide themselves with a supply
of meat, bread, and wine; no stoppage is made for dinner. Melons, cheese,
sugar-cane, eggs, bread, and water (better avoided) are offered for sale at
all the stations.
The Pyramids are seen on the right, but afterwards, beyond Minyoh
the best views are on the left (Nile Valley and Benihasan).
From Cairo to (20 M.) Bedrashen, see p. 130.
As the train proceeds we have a view, to the right, ofthe Pyra¬
mids of Dahshur, the great stone pyramid, the Blunted Pyramid,
and the small pyramids built of Nile-bricks (p. 153). To the left
are the Nile and an Arab village shaded by palm-trees. — 28 M.
Masguna; 3672 M. Kafr el-'Aydt (to the right we see the Pyramids
of Lisht, p. 192); 401/2 M. Matanyeh; 45'/-2 M. Kafr Ahmar. —
5l'/2 M. Rikka (Rekkah) is the starting-point for the excursion to
the finely shaped Pyramid of Meidum (p. 192), which comes into
sight on the right.
57 M. El-Wasta (express-trains halt for 5 min.). Passengers
bound for the Fayum change carriages here (p. 174). El-Wasta
is pleasantly situated in a grove of palms and is surrounded with
fields of clover. To the right is the great weir of Koshesheh. —
63 M. Beni Hoder. — Near (67 M.) Ashment (Achemant), to the
right, appears the small black pyramid of El-Lahun (p. 180). The
Arabian hills rise on the left. — li1^ M. Bush (Bouche), seep. 193.
77 M. Benisuef, see p. 193.
84 M. Tansa. — 90 M. Bibeh (Beba el-Kobra) is the junction of
a branch-line used for the transport of sugar-cane. In the vicinity
are large sugar-factories (comp. p. 194). The railway is skirted on
the right by the Ibrdhlmlyeh Canal (pp. 191, 241).
At Deshasheh (Decbachah), beyond the Bahr Yusuf, on the edge of
the desert, 14 M. to the N.W. of Bibeh, are the tombs of Inti and Shelu
(5th Dyn.; discovered by Flinders Petrie in 1897i, containing interesting
sculptures of battle-scenes, a siege etc. (keys kept at Medinet el-Fayum,
98'/2 M. Feshn (Fachn); 104 M. Fant. — To the E., opposite
(112 M.) Maghdgha (p. 194), a pleasant place, with acacias, palms,
and sugar-factories, rises the Gebel Shekh Embdrak. The train ap¬
proaches the river. — 116 M. Aba el-Wakf. — 123 M. Beni Mazar.
About 9V2 M. to the W of Beni Mazar, on the Bahr Yusuf, lies the town
of Bshnesa (Bahnassa \ on the site of the ancient Oxyrynchos (Egypt. Per-
mezet, Coptic Pemdje, Greek rUu.nxir)), once the capital of a nome but now
represented only by a few desolate heaps of debris. The fish Oxyryn-