52 Route 4. CAIRO. 3. South-Eastern
directly into the Sahn el-Gdmi'a (PL 10), or Anterior Court, en¬
closed by vaulted galleries, in the upper parts of which plain
limestone has been used
instead of alabaster. In
the centre is the Hane¬
fiyeh (PL 11), designed
in the debased Turkish
style. On the W. side is
the approach to a tower
(PL 13), terminating in
a pavilion adorned with
Moorish arabesques, and
containing a clock which
was presented to Mo¬
hammed 'Ali by Louis
Philippe of France.
The Interior is en¬
tered through the centre
ofthe E. gallery of the
anterior court. It con¬
sists of a large quadrang¬
le,with Byzantine domes
resting on 4 huge square
pillars. The size of the
place and the manner
in which it is lighted
produce a very striking
impression. The Turk¬
ish decoration is unim¬
portant, and the reading-
desk, pulpit, and prayer-
recess (PL 2,3,4) possess
no particular attraction.
To the right of the en¬
trance is the Tomb of Mo¬
hammed 'Ali (d. 1849),
enclosed by a handsome
railing (PL 5).
A magnificent **View is obtained from the parapet at the S.W.
end of the jnosque (PL 14), which is reached by walking round out¬
side the building. From this point (opposite the Khedivial Palace)
we survey the yellowish grey city, with its countless minarets,
domes, and gardens. At our feet stands the mosque of Sultan Hasan.
To the N. and W. are the Windmill Hills and the green plain tra¬
versed by the Nile. To the W., in the distance, are the Pyramids,
towering above the desert. On the flat roofs of the houses we
observe innumerable air-pipes, called malkaf, known also by the
1. Sultan's Entrance. 2. Kursi. 3. Pulpit.
4. Prayer-recess. 5. Tomb of Mohammed 'Ali.
7. Entrance. 8. Great Gallery. 9. Usual En¬
trance. 10. Sahn el-Gami'a. 11. Hanefiyeh.
12. Openings to the great cistern 'under the
court. 13. Ascent to the clock-tower. 14. Point