Sights. CAIRO. 4. Route. 31
on the 'Abbasiyeh road via, Kubbeh) to Matariyeh and "Heliopolis (obelisk;
ostrich-farm; pp. 106-108).
3rd Day. Forenoon (on donkey-back): Muristdn KaldOn (p. 59); Gami'a
el-IIdkim with the ~Arabian Museum (p. 61); "Bab en-Nasr (p. 62). — After¬
noon (on Frid. only, starting at 1 p.m.; by carriage): Kasr el-'Ain (Howl¬
ing Dervishes, p. 41); then across the Nile Bridge (p. '75'; closed for two
hours daily) to Gezireh (pp. 75, 16).
4th Day. Forenoon: "Museum of Gizeh (p. 78; closed on Mon. and Frid. ;
several visits advisable; note that the Nile Bridge is closed for two hours daily).
— Afternoon (on donkey-back): Ascent of the "Mokattam (view of Cairo by
sunset). Those who take the less common excursion to the Spring of Moses
and the smaller Petrified Forest (p. 110), returning by the Mokattam, must
start early in winter.
5th Day. Forenoon: Mosques of "El-Azhar (p. 43) and Hosen (p. 42).
The mosque of El-Azhar should not be visited on a Friday, as there is
no teaching on that day, and the traveller would thus miss one of the
chief attractions. Spare time may be spent in the Bazaars (p. 42). —After¬
noon (by carriage or electric tramway): Island of Rdda (p. 69) and Old
Cairo (p. 70), with the Coptic church of Abu Sergeh (p. 71) and the mosque
of 'Amr (p. 73); also, if time permit, the Imam Shdfe'i, Hdsh el-Bdsha, and
the Tombs of the Mamelukes (p. 68), after which we return by the Place
Mehemet-Ali (p. 51).
6th Day (by carriage): "Pyramids of Gizeh (p. 112; which mav be seen
in the course of a forenoon, if necessary); a visit to Shubra (p. 76), which
may be added in the afternoon by those provided with a permit, is scarcely
7th Day (by railway and on donkey-back; luncheon should be provid¬
ed): Memphis and "Sakkdra (p. 130). It is well worth while to ride via
Abusir (newly excavated sanctuary of the Sun, p. 129) to the Mena House
Hotel and return thence to the town by electric tramway; but this must
be arranged beforehand with the donkey-boys at Bedrashen.
8th Day: Barrage du Nil (p. Ill), either by railway (from the Prin¬
cipal Station; luncheon should betaken), or (preferable) by Cook's steamer,
which plies twice a week (10s , luncheon not included in the fare).
The following places deserve repeated visits: — the Museum at Gizeh;
the Citadel, or the Windmill Hills, for the sake of the view; the Tombs of
the Khalifs; the Bazaars (and street-traffic), on a Thursday.
For the Mohammedan Festivals, see p. lxxi. On account of the crowd
ladies should not attend these except in a carriage. During the festivals
special permission is necessary for admission to many of the mosques.
Cairo, el-Kdhira, or Masr el-Kdhira, or simply Masr or Misr, is
situated in 30° 6' N. latitude, and 31° 26'E. longitude, on the
right bank of the Nile, about 12 M. to the S. of the so-called 'cow's
belly', the point where the stream divides into the Rosetta and Da¬
mietta arms. It has not inaptly been styled 'the diamond stud on
the handle of the fan of the Delta'. On the E. side of the city, which
covers an area of about 11 square miles, rise the barren, reddish
cliffs of the Mokattam Hills (p. 108), about 650 ft. in height, which
form the commencement of the eastern desert. The city has ex¬
tended so much towards the west of late years that it now reaches
the bank of the river and has entirely absorbed Bulak (p. 75), which
was formerly its harbour.
Cairo is the largest city in Africa, as well as in the Arabian
regions. It is the residence of the Khedive, and of the ministers
and principal authorities. At the census of 1897 the population was
returned as 565,187, or 570,062 with the suburb of Helwan. The
number of resident Europeans was 35,385, including 8670 Italians,