10 Route 2. ALEXANDRIA. Museum.
glass from the Faylim and from Thebes. QQ, Mummy masks of painted
plaster from the Fayum (2nd cent. A.D.); 2349. Beautiful head of a youth
from Gabbari (middle of 2nd cent. A.D.). RR, Bronze mirrors, objects
in gold and silver, cut stones, glass. — Then, TT, Three mummies
from the Fayum, in wooden coffins (2nd cent. A.D.); the narrow bandages
are arranged in tasteful patterns. VV, Colossal marble arm, probably from
the honorary statue of an emperor, from Benha (Athribis; p. 23); AAA,
BBB, Sleeping Cupids or Genii of Death; DDD, Painted stucco doorway
of a tomb.
Room II. In the middle, Colossal seated marble statue of Zeus Serapis.
— D, Apollo on the Omphalos; E, Bellerophon upon Pegasus. — This and
the following three rooms contain also the Collection of Alexandrian Coins
trom the time of Alexander the Great to the conquest of Alexandria hy
the Arabs, and the Collection of Stamps from Greek Amphorae, with the
names of the manufacturers.
Room III (to the right ofR. II). Tombstones resembling Attic steles
of the 4th cent., some painted, others with reliefs, some merely with the
names in red paint. — Cast of the Rosetta Stone (p. 20). — We return
through Room II. to —
Room IV. 0 185. Colossal figure of a woman seated beside a standing
youth (tomb-monument). •— Marble heads. — F 176 Limestone tomb-relief
of a boy holding a goose with one arm and playing with a dog. — To the
right: *E 188. Base of candelabrum, a fine specimen of archaistic work.
Room V. In the middle: G, Head of a young warrior, with helmet;
K, Colossal head of one of the Ptolemies with the Egyptian headgear;
Limestone relief dedicated to Demeter, Serapis, Hercules, Isis, and Osiris
(the last represented as a serpent with the double crown of Egypt, and
Isis as a serpent with the solar disk and the sistrum). To the right,
Colossal bust of Isis. — Returning through RR. I and II, we proceed to —
Room VI. Pedestals, memorial stones, and tombstones hearing Greek
or Latin inscriptions from the Ptolemaic period down to the reign of Con¬
stantine. Tombstones of Roman soldiers. 109-208. Coptic tombstones from
Upper Egypt, with peacocks, palms, and other decorations ; the inscriptions
often close with the words 'he not sad; no one on the earth is immortal'. —
In the centre: *370. Lifesize figure of Apis in granite, with dedication to
Serapis by Emp. Hadrian (on small pillar below); 369. Large pink granite
scarabseus, found beside Pompey's Pillar; 373. Ramses II. kneeling and
holding a vase ; 376. Osiris placing his hands on the shoulders of Ramses II.
— The Table Cases contain papyri of the Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzan¬
Room VII. In the centre : Colossal pink granite statue, with the names
of Ramses II. and his son Merenptah; at the side, his consort; from Abukir.
Room VIII (to the left of R. VII). Mummies of a late period in
wooden coffins. Rude stone coffins. — "3. Fine bas-relief of the Saitic
period, with a man in a flowing robe, a harper, and six singing-women.
Room IX. 9. Seated figure of the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet, ded¬
icated by Amenophis III. in the temple of Mut at. Karnak (p. 259); 32.
Sacrificial tablet; 18, 27. Remains of two granite figures of Ramses II. —
Two wooden mummy-cases from Der el-bahri.
Room X. Case C. Above: bronze, wooden, and fayence figures of gods,
goddesses, and sacred animals (Isis with the infant Horus; Osiris; Har-
pocrates; Apis; Thout; Nephthys; Anubis; baboon). — Case D. Sacred cats
and hawks; gilt Urseus-snakes. — Case E. Bronze and fayence figures of
gods and animals. Hieratic and demotic papyri. — Case H. Figures of the
dead in green and blue glazed fayence. — Case J. Alabaster vessels. —
Case L. Bronze figures (Harpocrates, Ammon, Isis, King praying, sacred
fish). — Table Case 0. Armlets, necklaces, rings, fillets, scarabsei, and
amulets in fayence. — Table Case P. Gold ornaments of the Ptolemaic,
Roman, and Byzantine periods.
Room XI. Limestone sarcophagi from Abukir, Hadra, and Kom esh-
Shukafa. The stiff seated and standing figures of basalt representing
priests, are pirtially named (Pete-esis, Ptolemy, Irenpeus). "33. Bearded