HISTORY OF ART.
went an essential change. In order to adapt the shaft for the re¬
ception of inscriptions and pictures, all its irregularities were
abandoned and it was made per¬
fectly smooth. For the same reason
t___ the capita] also was rounded off and
Uf\~\ [\1; jflfOlQfSv transformed into a blunt cone, the
original clustering being recalled
by painting alone (Fig. Vo). —
«n<r Papyrus-columns with calyx-capi¬
tals (Fig. VI a), a variety in which
it is difficult to distinguish be¬
tween simple and clustered col¬
umns, occur in most temples ofthe
New Empire, where they generally
appear supporting the lofty roof of
the central passage in the three ■
aisled hypostyle halls. They display
the same peculiarities as the simple
column, and they invariably con¬
sist of a single rounded shaft, no
longer articulated into separate
siems, and covered with inscrip-
| tions and reliefs.
Amongst the other and rarer
J varieties of plant-columns the
H b Palm Column deserves mention.
V, Its shaft is round (without the
tapering foot of the papyrus-col¬
umn) and supports a capital formed of a bundle of palm-leaves.
bending slightly outwards, and held together by bands (Fig. VIc).
VI. Calyx Capitals
— The comparatively simple floral capitals of the earlier periods
were elaborately developed during the Ptolemaic epoch, until they
almost assumed the form of baskets of flowers, resplendent with